American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


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E. S. Gaillard, M.D., CSA

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GAILLARD, Edwin Samuel

From: Hambrecht, F. T. , Biographical register of physicians who served the

          Confederacy in a medical capacity.  02/11/2010.  Unpublished database


1/16/1827    - Born, Charleston District, SC

1845           - Graduated, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC

1849           - Received first smallpox vaccination - "took"

1850           - Planter, St. Johns Berkely Parish, Charleston District,  SC

1854           - M.D. - Medical College of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (from St. John's, SC before medical school; preceptor - Dr. E. Horlbeck; thesis - "On inter and bilious remittent fevers with their relations to the ozone"

1854           - Practiced medicine in Florida

1856           - Marriage 1, Jane Marshall Thomas

1857           - Practiced medicine in NY

1860           - Practiced medicine in Ward 18, District 2, New York City, NY

03/00/1861 - Practiced medicine in Baltimore, Maryland

06/24/1861 - Appointed Asst. Surgeon, to report to 1st Maryland Infantry

07/03/1861 - Asst. Surgeon, 1st Maryland Infantry, hospital duty, Winchester, VA

07/13/1861 - Ordered to report to Gen. J.E. Johnston, Winchester, VA

08/00/1861 - Asst. Surgeon, 1st MD Infantry, Fairfax Station, VA

09/09/1861 - Appointed Asst. Surgeon, Prov. Army of the C.S. States (PACS)

09/23/1861 - Ordered to be Medical Director for Gen. Gustavus Woodson Smith

10/01/1861 - Appointed Medical Director, 2nd Corps, Army of the Potomac (Gen. G. W. Smith), Manassas Junction, VA

12/07/1861 - Detailed as a member of the Army Medical Board, Manassas, VA

01/06/1862 - Ordered to inspect the South Carolina Hospital, Warren Springs, Warren Co, VA

03/05/1862 - Medical Director, 1st Division (Gen. G W Smith), Army of the Potomac, Aquia District

04/00/1862 - Ordered to the Peninsula with Gen. G. W. Smith's Command

05/29/1862 - Sustained gun shot wound to right arm requiring amputation,  Battle of Seven Pines

09/15/1862 - Assigned to duty as Medical Director of the Gen. G. W. Smith's department, including all general hospitals

12/16/1862 - Patient, Private House,  sent to Small Pox Hospital, Richmond, VA  (suffering from varioloid)

01/01/1863 - Returned to duty

04/29/1863 - Medical Inspector - ordered to inspect the general hospitals at Gordonsville, Charlottesville, Staunton, Harrisonburg, Lexington, Buchanan, Scottsville, Palmyra, and Huguenot Springs

07/18/1863 - Temporarily assigned to duty inspecting Medical Purveying Departments in Virginia and Tennessee

08/27/1863 - Ordered to inspect general hospitals in  SC, GA, FL & AL

02/01/1865 - Signs as Surgeon and Medical Inspector

05/09/1865 - Paroled as Asst. Surgeon, Meridian, MS

05/1865      - Lived, Richmond, VA

10/05/1865 - Marriage 2, Mary Elizabeth Gibson, Richmond, VA

01/1866      - Founded the Richmond Medical Journal, Richmond, VA

1867           - President, Richmond Academy of Medicine, Richmond, VA

06/1867      - Professor, General Pathology and Pathological Anatomy, Medical

                     College of Virginia, Richmond, VA

05/1868      - Moved to Louisville, KY

05/1868      - Professor, General Pathology and Pathological Anatomy, Kentucky

                     School of Medicine, Louisville, KY

1868           - Founded, Richmond and Louisville Medical Journal, Louisville, KY

12/1868      - President, Medico-Chirurgical Society of Louisville, Louisville, KY

08/1869      - Professor, Principles and Practice of Medicine and General Pathology, Louisville Medical College, Louisville, KY

1870           - Practiced medicine, Louisville, Jefferson Co, KY

07//1874     - Founded the American Medical Weekly

1874           - Dean, Louisville Medical College, Louisville, KY

1885           - Insane

02/02/1885 - Died, Ocean Beach, Monmouth Co, NJ (died of fatty degeneration of the liver; (buried, Mt. Prospect Cem., near Asbury Park, Monmouth Co, NJ)


We regret to announce the death of Dr. Gaillard at his home at Ocean Beach, N.J., February, 1885. Dr. Gaillard was born in Charleston, S.C., January 6th, 1827; graduated from the University of South Carolina in December, 1845, and from the South Carolina Medical College at Charleston in 1854. He engaged in the practice of medicine until the breaking out of the civil war, at which time he joined the Confederate Army and served until the war closed. At the close of the war Dr. Gaillard practiced his profession in Richmond for three years, afterward moving to Louisville, Ky.

In 1861 Dr. Gaillard received the Fiske Fund prize, and in 1865 the prize of the Georgia Medical Association. A year later he founded the Richmond Medical Journal, which he moved to Louisville in 1868, publishing it under the title of the Richmond and Louisville Medical Journal. In 1874 he established the American Medical Weekly, having the year previously received from the University of North Carolina the degrees of A.M. and LL. D. A few years ago he removed his journal and residence to New York, where he published Gaillards Medical Journal. Dr. Gaillard was a member of the various Louisville medical societies, was a correspondent of the Gynecological Society of Boston, the Louisville Obstetrical Society, an honorary member of the South Carolina Medical Association, and an honorary and corresponding member of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Arkansas.

Dr. Gaillard was elected President of the Richmond Academy of Medicine in 1867, President of the Medico-Chirurgical Society in 1868, and President of the American Mutual Benefit Association of Physicians in 1875. He was made Dean of the Louisville Medical College at its organization, and was also Dean of the Kentucky School of Medicine. Dr. Gaillard was twice married; first to a daughter of the Rev. Edward Thomas, of Charleston, who died leaving no children, and afterward, in 1865, to a daughter of Prof. C. B. Gibson, of the University of Maryland.


E. S. Gaillard, M. D., editor of the Richmond and Louisville Medical Journal, professor of general pathology and pathological anatomy in the Kentucky School of Medicine"

Medical Topographical of Florida, E. S. Gaillard, M. D.,
Charleston Medical Journal and Review, vol. XI, January,
1856. The Surgeon General's Office Library.

(The personal edited research notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or may not be completely documented)


Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index

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Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

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Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016