American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


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Gustavus S. Franklin, Asst. Surgeon, Federal U. S. Navy

Assistant Surgeon 22 May 1862, Passed Assistant Surgeon 30 October 1865, Resigned 2 November 1868

Civil War Naval Passed Asst. Surgeon. Gustavus S. Franklin. Franklin became an Assistant Surgeon in May, 1862; a Passed Assistant Surgeon October, 1865 and resigned in November, 1868.

Name: Gustavus Scott Franklin
Death date: Feb 1901
Place of death: Chillicothe, OH
Birth date: 1837
Type of practice: Allopath
States and years of licenses:OH, 1896
Medical school(s): Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, 1862, (G)
Journal of the American Medical Association Citation: 36:518; (M)


Dr. Gustavus S. Franklin


1859 Marietta College: Gustavus Scott Franklin Chllllcothe 0hio, MD at Coll Phys and Surg NY 1862 Asst Surg USN 1862 Passed Asst Surgeon 1864 resigned 1868 since Physician Chillicothe.


Gustavus Scott Franklin, AM, MD.  A man of talent and culture with the greatest capacity for earnest and diligent labor the late Gustavus Scott Franklin MD was for many years one of the foremost physicians of Chillicothe where the major part of his life was spent his birth having occurred in this city November 22 1837 and his death in February 1901.  His father William B Franklin had the family name of Bussard changed in 1831 by the Ohio Legislature to its present form Franklin He was a son of Daniel Bussard Jr and a grandson of Daniel Boussard Sr There is a well established tradition that the paternal grandfather of Daniel Boussard Sr was born in France.


Gustavus Scott Franklin MD, graduated from the  College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 1862 at one time a member of the Ohio State Medical Society and of The American Medical Association died at his home in Chillicothe Ohio.  The Ross County Medical Society of which he was one of the founders passed resolutions of regret and sympathy at a special meeting held February 8


Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion,  By United States. Naval War Records Office:

Report of Lieutenant Lamson, U. S. Navy, regarding the abandonment of Western Branch (Hill's Point) battery.  Gustavus S. Franklin is noted as being present.

U. S. S. STEPPING STONES, (1861)  A steamer purchased by the Union Navy during the early part of the American Civil War.  She was used by the Union Navy first as a dispatch boat, and also as a gunboat assigned to patrol Confederate waterways.

Assigned Potomac River operations
The ferryboat departed New York City on 21 October, served briefly at Hampton Roads, Virginia, reached the Washington Navy Yard on 5 November, and was promptly placed in service as a dispatch boat in the Potomac Flotilla. These first few weeks of her service typified her fortunes throughout the Civil War.

Her services were wanted both in the Potomac Flotilla and in the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron for service along the west coast of the Chesapeake Bay and on the rivers -- roughly parallel to the Potomac -- which drain Tidewater Virginia. As a result, the ferry was shuttled between the two commands as ground operations ebbed and flowed over the Virginia farmlands which separated Washington, D.C., and Virginia.

When assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, the ship was moved from the James, to the York, or to the Rappahannock River as demanded by the military situation ashore.

Operations on the James River in Virginia
Highlights of Stepping Stones' service were the operations on the James in July 1862 to help protect General George B. McClellan's beleaguered army at Harrison's Landing; her rescuing, under heavy fire, of Mount Washington when that ship had been grounded and disabled near Suffolk, Virginia; and her participation in a mid-April 1864 Army-Navy expedition up the Nansemond River.

In May 1864, she became part of a torpedo sweeping (mine sweeping) and patrol force on the James.

Capturing Confederate blockade runners
On 9 November, she captured two blockade-running sloops, Reliance and Little Elmer, in Mobjack Bay.

In March 1865, less than a month before Robert E. Lee surrendered, Stepping Stones was in a naval expedition up Mattox Creek to Colonial Beach, Virginia, where the Union ships attacked a supply base for Confederate guerrillas operating on the peninsula between that river and the Potomac River.


U. S. S. STEPPING STONES, April 21, 1863.
SIR: I have to report the following casualties which occurred in the upper Nansemond flotilla, Lieutenant Lamson commanding, on the 19th ultimo. They occurred while the Alert and Coeur de Lion were passing a rebel battery at Hill's Point, near Suffolk, Va.
T. J. Hawkins, pilot, struck in the head by a solid shot from a 12-pounder rifle and killed instantly.
John Jones, landsman, severely wounded in left arm by splinters of boiler iron, scattered by a 12-pounder rifle shot; arm since amputated in upper third.
William Ayler, pilot, had his left leg completely amputated at junction with thigh by a 12-pounder rifle shot; died in thirty minutes afterwards.
The casualties all occurred in the line of duty.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Assistant Surgeon.


CASE 291.--Seaman George Cook, aged 21 years, an Englishman, was wounded on February 1, 1864, in an engagement of a gunboat with a battery supported by sharpshooters, at Smithfield, Virginia. A rifle ball grazed his right thigh, passed through both testicles and entered the left thigh, fractured the femur, and passed out at the posterior and outer portion of the limb. The wounded man was taken to the Naval Hospital, at Portsmouth, Virginia, not many miles distant, and Surgeons Solomon Sharp, A. C. Gorgas, John Paul Quinn, and
Assistant Surgeon G. S. Franklin, U. S. N., held a consultation, at which it was decided that the femur was extensively shattered, and that an amputation at the hip joint presented the only chance of saving the patient's life. On the morning of February 2d, the patient was placed under the influence of chloroform, the femoral artery was compressed at the groin, and Surgeon Gorgas, assisted by his colleagues, proceeded to remove the limb. The operation was performed by transfixing and forming an anterior flap, disarticulating, and then making a posterior flap by cutting from within outward. Very little blood was lost; yet the patient never reacted, but succumbed about two hours after the completion of the operation. The shattered femur was forwarded by Surgeon Gorgas to the Army Medical Museum. It is represented in the adjacent wood-cut (FIG. 92). It is a very strong and compact bone. The ball has separated five large fragments, and has produced fissures extending from above the level of the trochanter minor a little over four inches down the shaft.

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols



Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

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Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016