U. S. Army Steward, Assistant Surgeon, Harvard
Medical School Graduate, U. S. Navy
S. Army Steward, U. S. Navy Assistant Surgeon, U. S.
Assistant Surgeon 9 February 1865. Honorably
discharged 10 October 1865
Name: Benjamin Addison
Cause of death: heart disease
Death date: May 28, 1920
Place of death: Haverhill, MA
Birth date: 1843
Type of practice: Allopath
Practice specialties: GS General Surgery
States and years of licenses: MA, 1894
Places and dates of practices: Haverhill, MA, Nov 5, 1913,
Bradford, MA, Sep 16, 1913, Oct 14, 1915
Medical school: Harvard Medical School, Boston, 1865, (G)
Dr. Benjamin Addison Sawyer
Benjamin Addison Sawyer
Harvard men in the Civil War:
Benjamin A Sawyer MD, 65 was with the Army of the James for three
months in 64. He had been Hospital Steward in the 50th
Massachusetts Volunteers in 62
History of the 50th Mass. Vol.: B. A
. Sawyer Hospital Steward, Haverhill 20, Mustered in Nov 11 1862
mustered out Aug 24 1863. Subsequent service assistant surgeon
United States Navy. Present residence Haverhill
Enlisted 21AUG1862 as a pvt; 20; Residence: Haverhill, MA; Occupation:
Druggist; Mustered in 19 SEP1862 MA 50 Inf, Co. F; Promotions: Hospital
Steward NOV 1862.
Mustered out 24 AUG 1863 at Wenham, MA.
Enlisted 9 FEB 1865 as Acting Assistant Surgeon; Commissioned 9 FEB 1865
US NAVY; Served on USS Lexington.
Discharged 10 OCT 1865.
Born 6 MAR 1843 Boscawen, NH; of Benjamin E 1811-1879 + Lucy Noyes
Married Elizabeth George 1844-; Children: Annie Frances 1869.
1850: Concord, Middlesex, MA; Age 7; Living w/family; Born in NH.
1860: Haverhill, Essex, MA; Age 17; Occupation: Clerk; Living wfamily;
1870: Haverhill, Essex, MA; Age 25; Married; Occupation: Physician.
1880: Duxbury, Plymouth, MA; Married; Occupation: Physician; NH,MA,MA,MA.
1888: GAR Medical Director MA Post 47 Haverhill, MA.
1895: GAR 29th National Encampment, Louisville, KY; Residence,
1900: Haverhill, Essex, MA; Age 43; Married 33 yrs; Occupation: Clerk in
1910 Haverhill, Essex, MA; Age 67; Married 44 yrs; Occupation: (?)
agent; 1 child, 1 living.
1920: Haverhill, Essex, MA: Age 76; Married; Occupation: none.
Pension: Invalid JUL1890 525208.
GAR: MA Post 47 Haverhill, MA.
Died: 28MAY1920 Bradford, MA; Buried Elmwood Cem, Bradford, MA.
Civil War Naval Officer Benjamin
Addison Sawyer. The cdv photographer is Judkins of Haverhill, Massachusetts.
There is a two cent proprietary stamp on the reverse. Sawyer became an
Acting Assistant Surgeon in 1865. He was honorably discharged in
He was assigned to the Mississippi
Squadron as an acting assistant surgeon. He graduated from the
Harvard University Medical School in 1865. (Documents from Harvard
Medical regarding Sawyer)
Prior to his Naval service, Sawyer
was a Hospital Steward with the 50th Mass. V. M. Nov., 1862, Mustered
out 24 Aug., 1863, Acting Assistant Surgeon U. S. A. 1864, Army of the
James for three months.
50th Regiment Infantry (7th
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia)
Organized at Boxford. Moved to
New York November 19-20, 1862, thence sailed for New Orleans, La.
(Cos. "A," "E" and "K"), on Steamer "Jersey Blue," December 11.
Transferred to "Guerrilla" at Hilton Head, S.C., and arrived at New
Orleans January 20, 1863. Company "I" sailed on Steamer "New
Brunswick" December 1, arriving at Baton Rouge, La., December 16,
and temporarily attached to 30th Massachusetts. Companies "B," "C,"
"D," "F," "G" and "H" sailed on Steamer "Niagara" December 13, but
returned to Philadelphia, Pa., December 16. Again sailed from
Philadelphia January 9, 1863, on Ship "Jenny Lind," arriving at
Fortress Monroe, Va., January 13, where Companies "B," "D" and "H"
were transferred to Ship "Monticello," and arrived at New Orleans
January 27, but were detained at Quarantine until April, Joining
Regiment at Baton Rouge April 2. Companies "C," "F" and "G" arrived
at New Orleans February 9 and at Baton Rouge February 14. Attached
to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to
July, 1863. SERVICE.--Duty at Baton Rouge until March 14, 1863.
Reconnaissance toward Port Hudson March 7-27. Expedition to Bayou
Montecito April 19. At Baton Rouge until May 12, At White's Bayou
May 12-26 (Cos. "A," "B," "C" and "I"). Siege of Port Hudson May
26-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Surrender of
Port Hudson July 9. Garrison duty at Port Hudson until July 29.
Moved to Boston, Mass., via Cairo, Ill., July 29-August 11. Mustered
out August 24, 1863. Regiment lost during service 2 Enlisted men
killed and 1 Officer and 100 Enlisted men by disease. Total 103.
The Army of the James was a Union
Army that was composed of units from the Department of Virginia and
North Carolina and served along the James River during the final
operations of the American Civil War in Virginia.
The Union Departments of Virginia and North Carolina merged in 1863.
Troops from these departments formed the XVIII Corps. In April,
1864, the X Corps was transferred from the Department of the South
and the two corps formed the Army of the James. Major General
Benjamin F. Butler was placed in command.
During Lieutenant General Ulysses Grant's Overland Campaign in 1864,
Butler made several unsuccessful attempts at Petersburg and
Richmond. At the Battle of Cold Harbor the XVIII Corps was sent to
act under the Army of the Potomac. The XVIII Corps also participated
in the Siege of Petersburg. During the siege the Army of the James
was mainly involved in the investment of Richmond.
Butler's only major success as commander of the army was in
September, 1864, at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm, in which the army
took a significant portion of the Confederate works guarding
Richmond, including Fort Harrison. In December the Army was
reorganized and the XVIII and X Corps were for the time
discontinued. All the black troops in the army were formed into the
XXV Corps and the white troops into the XXIV Corps and the
Departments of Virginia and North Carolina were separated. Units
from the former XVIII Corp and X Corps were formed into the "Fort
Fisher Expeditionary Corps" and sailed to Fort Fisher. Butler used
his position as department commander to assume personal command of
the expedition, but after his failure at the First Battle of Fort
Fisher, Grant took the opportunity to relieve Butler of command.
Major General Edward Ord, hero of Chaffin's Farm, was placed in
command of the Army of the James.
Under Ord's leadership the Army of the James was to achieve its
greatest success. The XXIV Corps participated in the final assaults
on Petersburg, while the XXV Corps was the first unit to enter the
fallen city of Richmond. Ord and the XXIV Corps followed the
Confederates to Appomattox Court House where they cut off Robert E.
Lee's escape route. The Army of the James was then present at the
surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia.
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