American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


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Jacob Mendes Da Costa, M.D.


View the book by Dr. Da Costa in this collection


Name: Jacob M. DaCosta
Cause of death: heart disease
Death date: Sep 11, 1900
Place of death: Villa Nova, PA
Birth date: 1833
Place of birth: St. Thomas, West Indies
Type of practice: Allopath
Practice specialities: CD Cardiovascular Diseases, PUD Pulmonary Diseases
States and years of licenses: PA, 1881
Places and dates of practices: Philadelphia, PA
Hospital affiliations: Episcopal Hospital, Philadelphia Hospital, Pennsylvania Hospital
Medical school(s): Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, 1852, (G)
Other education: Paris, Vienna
Professorship: Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, 1872, theory, practice of medicine
Journal of the American Medical Association Citation: 35:703

(The following are the personal edited research notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or may not be completely documented)

Jacob Mendes Da Costa Portrait

Jefferson Medical College Class of 1852

Jacob Mendes Da Costa's research, writings, and teaching were influential in the development of internal medicine as a specialty. However, his greatest contribution to American medicine lay in his clinical instruction at various Philadelphia institutions. Born 7 February 1833 on the Island of St. Thomas in the West Indies, Jacob Mendes Da Costa received his early education in Dresden, Germany, before coming to Jefferson Medical College. A graduate of the class of 1852, Da Costa received postgraduate education in Europe - mainly Paris but also Vienna.

Upon his return from Europe, Da Costa began his practice in Philadelphia and his private teaching at the Moyamensing Dispensary (1853-1861). During the Civil War, Da Costa served as assistant surgeon in the U.S. Army and at Turner's Lane Hospital, Philadelphia. Here, he undertook research on "irritable heart" (neurocirculatory asthenia) in soldiers, research that was of landmark importance in clinical medicine. After the Civil War, Da Costa continued his teaching at the Pennsylvania Hospital (1865-1900). He began at Jefferson Medical College as a lecturer on clinical medicine (1866-1872), then professor of theory and practice of medicine (1872-1891), and finally professor emeritus (1891-1900). While Da Costa retired in 1891, he continued his medical efforts as a consultant and supporter for medical education reform and served as a trustee of the University of Pennsylvania in 1899. ( From: Jeffline: TJU Archives.)

From: Virtualology

DA COSTA, Jacob M., physician, born in the Island of St. Thomas, West Indies, 7 February 1833. His literary and classical education was received in Germany, his medical in Jefferson College, Philadelphia, where he was graduated in 1852, and in the hospitals and schools of Paris and Vienna, where he passed two years. In 1854 he returned to Philadelphia, established himself there in practice, and made a special study of diseases of the heart and lungs. In 1864 he was appointed lecturer on clinical medicine in Jefferson medical College, and in the spring of 1872 was chosen professor of the theory and practice of medicine in the same institution. His contributions to medical literature include "Epithelial Tumors and Cancers of the Skin" (1852); "An Inquiry into the Pathological Anatomy of Acute Pneumonia" (1855); "The Physicians of the Last Century" (1857); "On Serous Apoplexy" (1859); "Medical Diagnosis, with Special Reference to Practical Medicine" (1864); and "Inhalation in the Treatment of Diseases of the Respiratory Passages" (1867). He has also contributed many articles to the "Pennsylvania Hospital Reports," in the" American Journal of the Medical Sciences," and his clinical lectures have appeared in the "Medical and Surgical Reporter" and the "Philadelphia Medical Times."

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright 2001 VirtualologyTM

Da Costa's photo is in the composite Jefferson Medical  College faculty CDV below, top center.

  (The personal edited research notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or may not be completely documented)

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index

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Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

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Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.


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Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016