American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


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Austin Flint, Sr. M.D.


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Austin Flint, M.D.  Born in Petersham, Massachusetts and gained his MD at Harvard. His medical teaching career included spells at the University of Louisville and New Orleans Medical College. He helped found Bellevue Medical College in New York City, and taught there and at Long Island College Hospital for many years. He wrote numerous textbooks, of which Treatise on the Principles and Practice of Medicine (1866, with many revised editions) was the best known.

He practiced and taught medicine in Boston and Buffalo, New York. He then taught hospital medicine at various medical schools, becoming an authority on pulmonary and respiratory diseases, and popularizing the use of the binaural stethoscope.

From 1868 until his death in 1886, he served as Professor of Principles and Practice of Internal Medicine and the first Chairman of the Department of Medicine at Bellevue Hospital Medical College, from which NYU School of Medicine had its origins. Among his many accomplishments, Dr. Flint is credited with the original descriptions of abnormal breath sounds. Two signs are familiarly identified with his name: Flint's Law and the Austin Flint murmur.

FLINT, Austin, physician, born in Petersham, Massachusetts, 20 October 1812; died in New York City, 13 March 1886. He studied at Amherst and Harvard, and was graduated at the medical department of the latter institution in 1833. His professional career began in Northampton, and was continued in Boston until 1836, when he removed to Buffalo, and remained there till 1844. He then accepted a call to the chair of the institutes and practice of medicine at the Rush medical College in Chicago, but a year later returned to Buffalo. In 1846 he established the "Buffalo Medical Journal," which he subsequently conducted until 1856.

In connection with Dr. James P. White and Dr. Frank H. Hamilton, he founded, in 1847, the Buffalo medical College, in which, for six years, he was professor of the principles and practice of medicine, and clinical medicine. In 1852 he was called to fill a similar chair in the Louisville University, but in 1856 returned to Buffalo and became professor of pathology and clinical medicine. From 1858 till 1861 he spent the winters in New Orleans as professor of clinical medicine in the school of medicine there, and visiting physician to the Charity hospital. In 1859 he removed to New York, and two years later was appointed professor of pathology and practical medicine in the Long Island College hospital, in which relation he continued until 1868. At the same time he became professor of the principles and practice of medicine in the Bellevue hospital medical College, and also visiting physician to the hospital itself. These offices he held until his death.

Dr. Flint was also consulting physician to the Charity hospital, to the Hospital for the ruptured and crippled, to St. Mary's hospital, and to St. Elizabeth's hospital. In 1872 he was elected president of the New York academy of medicine, and held that office until 1885, when he resigned, on the adoption of the medical code sanctioning consultations with physicians of other than the "regular" school, and he was president of the American medical association in 1884. Besides being a corresponding member of numerous medical societies abroad, he was connected with many American medical and scientific bodies, and his name was on the rolls of the County and state medical associations from the time they were organized. In 1876 he was a delegate to the International medical congress which ,net in Philadelphia, and delivered an address on "Medicine." He attended the medical congresses held in London in 1881 and in Copenhagen in 1884, and had been elected to preside at the congress to be held in Washington in 1887. His contributions to medical literature were very large, and his essays "On the Variations of Pitch in Percussion and Respiratory Sounds " and " On the Clinical Study of the Heart Sounds in Health and Disease" received the first prizes of the American medical association in 1852 and 1859. His larger works include " Clinical Reports on Continued Fever" (Buffalo, 1852); "Clinical Report on Chronic Pleurisy" (1853); "Clinical Report on Dysentery" (1853); "Physical Exploration and Diagnosis of Diseases affecting the Respiratory Organs " (Philadelphia, 185(;; 3d ed., 1868); " Practical Treatise on Diseases of the Heart" (1859; 2d ed., 1870); "Treatise on the Principles and Practice of Medicine," of which more than 40,000 copies have been sold (1866; 5th ed., 1881); " Contributions Relating to Camp Diseases" (New York, 1867); "Essays on Conservative Medicine and Kindred Topics " (Philadelphia, 1874); "Phthisis, its Morbid Anatomy, Etiology, Syruptomatic Events and Complications, Fatality and Prognosis, Treatment and Physical Diagnosis" (1875); "Manual of Auscultation and Percussion" (1876);" Clinical Medicine, a Systematic Treatise on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Diseases" (1879);" Physical Exploration of the Lungs by Means of Auscultation and Percussion" (1882); and "Medical Ethics and Etiquette" (New York, 1883).


From Bellevue Hospital:

1861 Flint,* Austin, 1886.

M. D., Harvard, 1833; LL. D., Louisville (Ky.), & Yale (hon.), 1881; founder "Buffalo Med. Jour.," and editor 1846-56; a founder Buffalo Med. Coll., 1846; Prof. Theor. & Pract. Med. & Clin. Med. & of Pathol., 1846-52, and again in 1856-58; Theor. and Pract. Med., Univ. Louisville (Ky.), 1852-56; Clin. Med., Univ. Louisiana, 1858-61; Prin. & Pract. Med., Bell. Hosp. Med. Coll., 1861-86; Vis. Phys., Charity Hosp., New Orleans, 1858-61 ; Prof. Path. & Pract. Med., L. I. Coll. Hosp., 1861; Pres. N. Y. Acad. Med., 1873-75; Amer. Med. Assoc., 1883-84. Author of Prize Essay, " The Variation of Pitch in Percussion & Respiratory Sounds," 1852, and of " The Clinical Study of the Heart Sounds in Health & Disease," 1859, and of the following books: "Continued Fever," Buffalo, 1852; "Report on Dysentery," Buffalo, 1853; " Diseases of the Respiratory Organs," Phila., 1856; " Treatise on the Principles and Practice of Medicine." (1st ed., xvi., 867 pp., 8, Phila.,H. C. Lea, 1866; 2d ed., xvi., 967 pp., 8, 1867; 3ded., 1002 pp., 8, 1868; 4th ed., xvi., 1070 pp., 8, 1873; 5ih
ed., xvi., 1150 pp., 8, 1881 ; 6th ed., 1160 pp., 8, 1886); "Diseases of the Heart," Phila., 1870; "Heart Sounds,"
Phila., 1870; "Conservative Medicine," Phila., 1874; "Phthisis," Phila., 1875; "Clinical Medicine," Phila.,
1879; "Physical Exploration of the Lungs," Phila., 1882; " Medical Ethics and Etiquette," New-York, 1883 ; " Man-
ual of Auscultation and Percussion," Phila., 1885. Died in N. Y. City, 1886, aet. 74; cause, cerebral hemorrhage.
Father of Austin Flint, 2d (1869-74), and grandfather of Austin Flint, 3d (1890, II).

(The personal edited research notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or may not be completely documented)


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Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

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