American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


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 Edward Hartshorne, M.D.

View the book by Dr. Hartshorne in this collection

Name: Edward Hartshorne
Death date: Dec 31, 1929
Death date note: This is an approximation of the individual's death date.
Type of practice: Allopath
States and years of licenses:PA, 1881
Medical school(s): University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, 1840, (G)

Edward Hartshorne, the second son of Dr. Joseph Hartshorne, was born in Philadelphia, May 14, 1818. He received the degree of A. B. in 1837, from Princeton, N. J., and of A. M., in 1840; he received the degree of Doctor in Medicine from the University of Pennsylvania, in 1840.

After graduating, he was First Assistant Physician in the Insane Department of the Pennsylvania Hospital. He next served for two years, (1841-43), as resident physician of the general department of the Pennsylvania Hospital; he was also for a short period at the Friend's Asylum for the Insane at Frankford, near Philadelphia. In 1843, he was elected the first resident physician of the Eastern Penitentiary, at Philadelphia, and in his annual reports, gave special attention to the effects of separate confinement upon the mental as well as physical condition of the convicts, clearly showing the entire absence of evidence that this system was the cause of disease or impairment of general health. A second edition of this report, published by the Inspectors in 1845, was largely circulated in England, and translated and published in France, Germany, Belgium, and Holland.

Dr. Hartshorne, in 1844, went to Europe and spent two years in studies and observations at the large hospitals of the continent, and, on his return home, he commenced the practice of his profession.

In 1850, he married Adelia C. Pearse, formerly of Boston.

He was elected to the Surgical Staff of the Pennsylvania Hospital 1859, resigned 1865. He was editor for one year of the Journal of Prison Discipline, Philadelphia. Articles and reviews were contributed by him to the Medical Examiner, Philadelphia ; American Journal of the Medical Sciences (1850-1870); and to the North American Medico-Chirurgical Review. He also wrote an extended notice of Wharton and Stille's Treatise on Medical Jurisprudence. He delivered a course of lectures on Medical Jurisprudence, in connection with an Association of medical gentlemen, all of whom obtained subsequent distinction as public instructors. In 1853, he edited, with notes and additions, the American Edition of Taylor's Medical Jurisprudence.

During the civil war he was on duty as Acting Assistant Surgeon, in the field, after the battle of Antietam, and for one or two years, as attending or consulting surgeon, to the McClellan, Nicetown and other Army Hospitals in or near Philadelphia.

From the Medical and Surgical History:

CASE 191.--Private Peter Brandey, company D, 62d New York volunteers; admitted August 12, 1862. Intermittent fever and diarrhoea. Died, August 26th.--Acting Assistant Surgeon E. Hartshorne. [Nos. 148 and 149, Medical Section, Army Medical Museum, are .from this case. The specimens are two successive portions of colon, the surface of which has been extensively eroded by ulceration, leaving, however, numerous little islets of intact mucous membrane; in many of which pinhead ulcers of the solitary follicles can be seen.

He was actively engaged in the organization of the Philadelphia branch of the United States Sanitary Commission, during the war, being Secretary of its Executive Committee. He was Secretary of the First National Quarantine and Sanitary Convention, which met in Philadelphia a few years before the war. He was a Fellow uf the College of Physicians, a member of the Academy of Natural Sciences, of the American Medical Association, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia County Medical Society, Historical Society of Pennsylvania and others.

He died June 22, 1885, aged sixty- seven years.


(The personal edited research notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or may not be completely documented)


Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index

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Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

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Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016