American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


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John Thomas Metcalfe, M.D.

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U. S. Military Academy, July 1839, 2nd Lieut.  Resigned May 31, 1840.


Dr. Metcalfe, who died of old age on January 30, at his home in Thomasville, Ga., was for many years one of New York's most noted physicians. The son of a physician, he was born in Natchez, Miss., on July io, 1818, and was educated at West Point, where he was graduated in 1838. He was, for a time, Lieutenant in the Artillery Service, but was soon transferred to the Ordnance Department. He resigned from the army in 1840, and began the study of medicine at the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, from which he was graduated in 1844. After graduation he studied in the schools of Dublin, Edinburgh, Vienna, and Paris, and then returned to practiced his profession in this city.


He was the first of a line of Southerners who have contributed so largely to the medical forum of New York. For many years he was in partnership with Dr. T. G. Thomas; afterward with Dr. William M. Polk, and still later with Dr. J. S. Ward. He was prominent as a teacher and expounder of medicine in college and medical society. He lectured for many years at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, and to the end held the post of emeritus professor of clinical medicine there. He was consulting physician to Roosevelt, Bellevue, St. Luke's and the Woman's hospitals, the Orthopedic Dispensary, and the Hospital for the Relief of the Ruptured and Crippled. He was an active member of many medical societies, among which may be mentioned the New York Medical and Surgical Society, the County Medical Society, the New York Society for the Relief of Widows and Orphans of Medical Men, the New York Pathological Society, the Academy of Medicine, and the Medical Journal Association of the City of New York. He was one of the earliest members of the academy and gave to it his large and valuable library upon his retirement from practice about fifteen years ago. The portrait of him at the academy was presented by Dr. Thomas, his former associate.

U. S. Military Acad., July 1838—2nd Lieut. Resigned May 31, 1840, M. D. Univ. of Pa., 1843, Attg. Phys. to Bell. Hosp. from 1847 to 1859; to N. Y. Hosp. for Lying-in Women from 1850 to 1860 ; to N. Y. City Hosp., 1857. Consulting Phys. to Bell. Hosp. since 1859 ; to N. Y. Deaf and Dumb Inst. since 1851 ; to St. Luke's Hosp. since 1853; to Child's Nursery and Hosp., from 1855 to 1860; to Stranger's and Roosevelt Hospitals ; to the N. Y. Inst for Ruptured and Cripples, and to the Orthop. Disp., N. Y. Prof. Inst. and Pract. Med. in Med. Dept. Univ. City of N. Y. from 1854 to 1866. Prof. of Clinical Med. in Coll. Phys. and Surg.

(The personal edited research notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or may not be completely documented)

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols



Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

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Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.


 Arbittier Museum of Medical History Tour:   1 | 2 | 3


Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016