American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


 Home page  |   Feedback & Contact Dr. Echols  |  SEARCH this site   |  Article Indexes   |   Medical Faculty & Authors

 Civil War Medical Books  |  Medicine Containers   |   1800's & Civil War Surgery Set Displays

Medical College Index - Lecture Cards  |  Civil War Medical Book Author-Title Index


Charles T. Parkes, M.D.

Click on image to enlarge

Go to lecture card display


Name: Charles T. Parkes
Cause of death: pneumonia
Death date: Mar 28, 1891
Place of death: Chicago, IL
Birth date: 1847
Place of birth: Troy, NY
Type of practice: Allopath
Practice specialities:GS General Surgery
Professorship: Rush Medical College, Chicago, surgery
Journal of the American Medical Association Citation: 16:500

Parkes, Charles T. (1842-1891).

Charles T. Parkes had remarkable success as a teacher of anatomy, and a clear and concise method of demonstration which not only excited enthusiasm and love in all his students, but gained for him a wide reputation.

He was born August 19, 1842, at Troy, New York, the youngest of ten children. His father, Joseph Parkes, an Englishman, came to Chicago in 1860. At that time the son was a student in the University of Michigan, where he afterwards received his A. M. He enlisted in, the army in 1862 as a private and was discharged three years later as captain.

At the close of the war he returned to Chicago, and began to study medicine under Dr. Rae, professor of anatomy in Rush Medical College. He graduated from this college in 1868, and was at once appointed demonstrator of anatomy, which position he held until his appointment as professor of anatomy in 1875.

His specialty was abdominal surgery in which he was a pioneer investigator. The first to advocate uniting severed intestines; he in this antedated Drs. Senn and Murphy. For the purpose of gaining a better knowledge of both the consequences and treatment of gunshot wounds of the intestine he made a series of experiments on forty dogs. The number of recoveries astounded the medical profession and lead to further experiments in all parts of the world. He made his first report at a meeting of the American Medical Association in Washington, 1884. He took with him three specimens of intestine and a living dog from which he removed five feet of intestine perforated by bullet wounds. His work in the surgery of the gall-bladder, which was then in its infancy, was no less conspicuous in influencing new lines of treatment. Preceding Parkes' there were not twenty-five ideal cholecystotomies. He recognized the practical place of surgery in the relief of common maladies.

Always a student, he read much, loved old books and also kept in touch with the continental medical schools. For several years before his death he had been accumulating material for works on general and abdominal surgery but his sudden death stopped the writing. The writings he left were published under "Clinical Lectures," but there were some fifty or more besides what appeared in the current medical journals and of which a partial list can be seen in " Distinguished Physicians and Surgeons of Chicago," F. M. Speery, 1894.

He married, in 1868, Isabella J. Gonter- man and had two children, Charles Herbert and Irene Edna. The son became, like his father, a surgeon.

Among his appointments he was: attending surgeon to the Presbyterian Hospital; surgeon-in-charge of St. Joseph's Hospital; surgeon-in-chief to the Augustana Hospital; consulting surgeon to the Hospital for Women and Children, and professor of surgery in the

Chicago Polyclinic. He held also the presidency of the Chicago Medical Society and of the Chicago Gynecological Society. In 1887 he was elected professor of surgery—successor to Prof. Moses Gunn— and in this position he was gaining wide renown at the time of his death, which occurred after a short illness from pneumonia, March 28, 1891.



Dr. Charles T. Parkes, one of the best known surgeons of Chicago died, March 28th, of pneumonia, aged forty-eight. Dr. Parkes was born in Michigan, and graduated from the Rush Medical College. In 18tiH he became demonstrator of anatomy in that institution, in 1875 he was made professor, and in 1SS5 became professor of surgery. He was also surgeon to the Presbyterian Hospital, treasurer of the Rush Medical College, and president of the Chicago Medical Society. His sudden death, coming just at the commencement season, cast a gloom over the graduating exercises of the largest class in the history of the Rush Medical College.

(The personal edited research notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or may not be completely documented)


Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols



Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Please request permission before commercial use or publication of any content or photos on this site and credit any use with:  "American Civil War Surgical Antiques"   All content and all original photography on this Web Site is copyrighted 1995 - 2015 and may not be used on any other web site or in commercial print without the expressed e-mail permission from Dr. Arbittier:  Contact   All rights reserved. 


Students doing reports or projects are welcome to use the content of this site without permission, but credits would be appreciated.


Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.


 Arbittier Museum of Medical History Tour:   1 | 2 | 3


Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016