American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier

 

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American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols & Dr. Doug Arbittier

2011 - "The sesqui-centennial of the Civil War" -  2015

The 150th Year Celebration

 

 Home page  |   Feedback & Contact Dr. Echols  |  SEARCH this site   |  Article Indexes   |   Medical Faculty & Authors

 Civil War Medical Books  |  Medicine Containers   |   1800's & Civil War Surgery Set Displays

Medical College Index - Lecture Cards  |  Civil War Medical Book Author-Title Index

Wanted to Purchase: Items like those on this website, including Civil War surgeon uniforms, medical books, CDV's, surgeon images, diaries, and related medical items ... Contact

Dr. Echols' partial list of Google books for Civil War Surgeon Research

 

Francis C. Belmana, M.D.

U.S. Navy Assistant Surgeon Application

 

By Norman L. Herman, M.D., PhD.

The following is a dictated translation of the hand-written application to the U. S. Navy Examination Board during the Civil War by a civilian physician/surgeon for a position as a medical officer in the Federal Navy or for promotion to Assistant Surgeon by an Acting Assistant Surgeon.  The actual applications are in the possession of the author and presented to enlighten the general public and other researchers as to the education process before and during the Civil War, the personal history of the applicants, as well as to show their personal level of medical knowledge in answering the questions asked by the Navy Board of Examiners.  (Some applicants failed to pass and did not serve or served in the Union Army.)

This written presentation was first of a part of a two-part exam consisting of a written exam and an oral exam.   Many of these applications are rich with highly detailed medical content offering an interesting perspective on the medical knowledge and practices of the period.  A broad sampling of these exams is presented to give you a 'picture' of the type of applicant being examined and admitted to or rejected by the Federal Navy in 1863.   Much more detail on the individuals and their personal and naval history will be presented in a forth-coming book by Dr. Herman.

(The actual written exam photos are available, but not presented on these pages due to the size of the files.  An example of a hand-written exam is on the List of all Applicants page)

(The actual written exam photos are available, but not presented on these pages due to the size of the files.  An example is on the List of all applicants page)

If you have additional information or images for any of these doctors, please contact us.

A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board


Applicant: Francis C. Belmana, M.D.

 

Charlestown Masstu

November 18, 1863

 

Sir:

             

I most respectfully ask for admission in the Navy of the U.S. as Acting Assist Surgeon.  I have been educated in the Medical College of Barcelona in the years 1832, 33, + 34, and after four years of practice on that place.  I joined the U.S. Service as Surgeon Steward on board the U.S. Frigate Constitution and since that time I have remained attached in the Medc Dept of this Navy having had sufficient opportunities to acquire Practice.  I was born in Malaga (Spain) the December 11th 1818.  I became citizen of the U.S. in 1855 + hoping my servitude will be taken in consideration my request will be granted.

                                               

I am Sir Very Respectfully

Your obbt servant

Francis C. Belmana

(Adress [sic] P.  O.  Charlestown Masstu)

Surgeon, U. S. Navy Yards

Charlestown Masstu

 


Questions by the Board:

 

Mr. Francis C Belmana is requested to write Insist to the following questions.

                   1.  Name a leading auricle of each class of the materia medica?

                   2.  Name the organs which are situated in the cavity of the abdomen?

                   3.  What is the function of the kidneys?

                   4.  What are the diagnostic symptoms of flatulent colic?

                   5.  What is the composition of atmospheric air?

                   6.  What blood vessels are divided in amputation of the leg at its upper third.

 


 Answers by Belmana:

 

1.  Ginn [unclear]  Narcotic  Ipecac.   Emetic + DiaphoreticCinchona.   Tonic.   Calomel.  Cathartic

 

2.  The Stomach.  Intestines.  Liver.  Gall-Bladder.  Pancreas.  Bladder.  Kidneys.

 

3.  The Secretion of Urine.

 

4.  Severe pain and distention of the stomach + duodenum and about the Umbilical Region

 

5.  Oxygen + Nitrogen.

 

6.  The popliteal + Tibial arteries + Sphenos [sic] + popliteal veins.

                                 

November 21, 1863

Francis C Belmana

Editor's note: Belmana was a Surgeon Steward on the USS Constitution prior to the war. He was older (born in 1818 in Malaga, Spain). He states he went to med school in Spain from 1833 - 5. He was given permission to examine for Acting Asst Surg. He absolutely bombed the exam (if he wrote 50 words, that's pushing it) and served the War from 12/31/1863 as a Surgeon Steward (an enlisted rank).  Served on the USS Ohio, Nipon and Casco.


A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

 

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index
 

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols

 

 

Civil War Medical Collections 

 

Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:

INDEX

Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Please request permission before commercial use or publication of any content or photos on this site and credit any use with:  "American Civil War Surgical Antiques"   All content and all original photography on this Web Site is copyrighted 1995 - 2015 and may not be used on any other web site or in commercial print without the expressed e-mail permission from Dr. Arbittier:  Contact   All rights reserved. 

 

Students doing reports or projects are welcome to use the content of this site without permission, but credits would be appreciated.

 

Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.

 

 Arbittier Museum of Medical History Tour:   1 | 2 | 3

 

Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016