American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier

 

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American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols & Dr. Doug Arbittier

2011 - "The sesqui-centennial of the Civil War" -  2015

The 150th Year Celebration

 

 Home page  |   Feedback & Contact Dr. Echols  |  SEARCH this site   |  Article Indexes   |   Medical Faculty & Authors

 Civil War Medical Books  |  Medicine Containers   |   1800's & Civil War Surgery Set Displays

Medical College Index - Lecture Cards  |  Civil War Medical Book Author-Title Index

Wanted to Purchase: Items like those on this website, including Civil War surgeon uniforms, medical books, CDV's, surgeon images, diaries, and related medical items ... Contact

Dr. Echols' partial list of Google books for Civil War Surgeon Research

 

Richard Henry Greene, M.D.

U.S. Navy Assistant Surgeon Application

 

By Norman L. Herman, M.D., PhD.

The following is a dictated translation of the hand-written application to the U. S. Navy Examination Board during the Civil War by a civilian physician/surgeon for a position as a medical officer in the Federal Navy or for promotion to Assistant Surgeon by an Acting Assistant Surgeon.  The actual applications are in the possession of the author and presented to enlighten the general public and other researchers as to the education process before and during the Civil War, the personal history of the applicants, as well as to show their personal level of medical knowledge in answering the questions asked by the Navy Board of Examiners.  (Some applicants failed to pass and did not serve or served in the Union Army.)

This written presentation was first of a part of a two-part exam consisting of a written exam and an oral exam.   Many of these applications are rich with highly detailed medical content offering an interesting perspective on the medical knowledge and practices of the period.  A broad sampling of these exams is presented to give you a 'picture' of the type of applicant being examined and admitted to or rejected by the Federal Navy in 1863.   Much more detail on the individuals and their personal and naval history will be presented in a forth-coming book by Dr. Herman.

(The actual written exam photos are available, but not presented on these pages due to the size of the files.  An example of a hand-written exam is on the 'List of all Applicants' page)

If you have additional information or images for any of these doctors, please contact us.

A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

 


Applicant: Richard Henry Greene, M.D.

 

Navy Yard, Charlestown,

Nov. 3rd 1863.

 

Dr. Roshenberger,                              

 

Dear Sir:

 

I was born at New Haven, Conn.  November 14th 1837.  After primary education in the public school of that city, I entered Yale College, and graduated at that institution after the usual course of study, July 31st,1857.

    

I commenced my medical studies in M’ch 1860 at Bennington, Vt., and subsequently attended two courses of lectures at Dartmouth College at which institution I graduated, October 30th 1863.

                                                      

Yours Respectfully

                                                         

R H Greene.

Bennington  Vt.

 

[Board comment in pencil]: Fresh from school; no practical experience – sprightly and tolerably well booked.  Weighs 220 lbs.


Questions by the Board:

 

Dr. R. H. Greene is requested to write answers to the following questions.

               1.   What is the origin, course and distribution of the femoral artery?

               2.   What are the diagnostic symptoms of dysentery?

               3.   Name the officinal preparations of opium, and the dose of each? [sic]

               4.  What is chyle, where and how is it formed?

               5.  What changes are produced in atmospheric air by respiration?

               6.   Define the terms “specific gravity”, “temperature” and “latent heat”.

 


Answers by Greene:

 

1st.  The femoral artery is the chief branch of the external iliac, which after passing beneath Pouparts Ligament between the femoral vein, and anterior crural nerve, becomes properly the femoral artery.  It passes downward through Scarper’s Triangle, bounded anteriorly by the Sartorius muscle until it passes through the tendinous portion of the adductor magnus when it becomes the popliteal.  The branches given off are the epigastric, distributed to the muscles of the abdomen; the pudic, distributed to the pudendum, the internal and external profunda distributed respectively to the inner and outer part of the thigh.  Just before the latter are given off the circumflex ilii passes upwards and is distributed to the external iliac region.  The femoral also gives off as it passes through the adductor magnus the anastomotic artery which anastomoses with the tibial recurrent.

 

2nd.  The diagnostic symptoms of Dysentery are pain with other disagreeable sensations about more or less of the region of the colon termina, tenesmus, frequent going to stool + but comparatively slight discharges which it first become white and then like meat washings.  The smill [sic, correction underline in pencil] of the evacuations is also diagnostic.  With all these there will be more or less pyrexia and constitutional symptoms in accordance with the prevailing characters of the disease.

 

3rd.  The extract, the tincture and the Dover’s Powder.  Dose of the extract one grain; of the tincture, from five to ten drops; and of the Dover’s Powder ten grains.

 

4th.  The chyme after being mingled with the bile and pancreatic fluid becomes chyle, of which the soapy matter is taken up by the lacteals and the abumenose [sic] by the lymphatics.

 

5th.  Atmospheric air by endosmose is deprived of a large part of its oxygen and by exosmose receives becomes charged [sic] with carbonic acid and vapor.  But little nitrogen, if any, is taken into the blood.

 

6th.  The specific gravity of any body is its weight as compared with an equal bulk of water.  Gases are compared with common air.

Temperature is the amount of caloric in anybody as compared with the some common standard

Latent heat, is that heat of a body which is not to be detected by the common tests.  Iron shows its latent heat by hammering.

 

R. H. Greene

Nov. 2nd, 1863.                                                     


A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index
 

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols

 

 

Civil War Medical Collections 

 

Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:

INDEX

Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Please request permission before commercial use or publication of any content or photos on this site and credit any use with:  "American Civil War Surgical Antiques"   All content and all original photography on this Web Site is copyrighted 1995 - 2015 and may not be used on any other web site or in commercial print without the expressed e-mail permission from Dr. Arbittier:  Contact   All rights reserved. 

 

Students doing reports or projects are welcome to use the content of this site without permission, but credits would be appreciated.

 

Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.

 

 Arbittier Museum of Medical History Tour:   1 | 2 | 3

 

Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016