American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier

 

 Home page  |   Feedback & Contact Dr. Echols  |  SEARCH this site   |  Article Indexes   |   Medical Faculty & Authors

 Civil War Medical Books  |  Medicine Containers   |   1800's & Civil War Surgery Set Displays

Medical College Index - Lecture Cards  |  Civil War Medical Book Author-Title Index

 

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols & Dr. Doug Arbittier

2011 - "The sesqui-centennial of the Civil War" -  2015

The 150th Year Celebration

 

 Home page  |   Feedback & Contact Dr. Echols  |  SEARCH this site   |  Article Indexes   |   Medical Faculty & Authors

 Civil War Medical Books  |  Medicine Containers   |   1800's & Civil War Surgery Set Displays

Medical College Index - Lecture Cards  |  Civil War Medical Book Author-Title Index

Wanted to Purchase: Items like those on this website, including Civil War surgeon uniforms, medical books, CDV's, surgeon images, diaries, and related medical items ... Contact

Dr. Echols' partial list of Google books for Civil War Surgeon Research

 

Alexander Sydney Mackenzie, M.D.  

U.S. Navy Assistant Surgeon Application

 

By Norman L. Herman, M.D., Ph.D.

The following is a dictated translation of the hand-written application to the U. S. Navy Examination Board during the Civil War by a civilian physician/surgeon for a position as a medical officer in the Federal Navy or for promotion to Assistant Surgeon by an Acting Assistant Surgeon.  The actual applications are in the possession of the author and presented to enlighten the general public and other researchers as to the education process before and during the Civil War, the personal history of the applicants, as well as to show their personal level of medical knowledge in answering the questions asked by the Navy Board of Examiners.  (Some applicants failed to pass and did not serve or served in the Union Army.)

This written presentation was first of a part of a two-part exam consisting of a written exam and an oral exam.   Many of these applications are rich with highly detailed medical content offering an interesting perspective on the medical knowledge and practices of the period.  A broad sampling of these exams is presented to give you a 'picture' of the type of applicant being examined and admitted to or rejected by the Federal Navy in 1863.   Much more detail on the individuals and their personal and naval history will be presented in a forth-coming book by Dr. Herman.

(The actual written exam photos are available, but not presented on these pages due to the size of the files.  An example of a hand-written exam is on the 'List of all Applicants' page)

If you have additional information or images for any of these doctors, please contact us.

A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

 


Applicant: Alexander Sydney Mackenzie, M.D.

                                                     

Navy Yard Boston

                                                     

November 19th, 1863

 

Dear Sir

                                                    

Agreeably to your request I should give a brief sketch of my place of birth, Education etc.

    

I was born at a place called Saint Ann’s on the Island of Cape Breton, Nova. Scotia on the 25th day of December 1834 I attended the Common Schools at that place until I was about thirteen years of age when I engaged as a Merchants Clerk with Hugh Munro Esq. of Sydney C.B.  I afterwards served a number of years at the same occupation with I.D. Gillis and finally with Messrs Archibald + Co. of North Sydney Cape Breton.  Not being satisfied by the prospects afforded by merchandizing in Cape Breton I resolved to Study Medicine.  I Commenced the Study of Medicine under the care of Dr. Charles Schomberg Elliot of North Sydney C.B. in May 1859.  I studied with Dr. Elliot for a year and a half.

 

I entered Harvard Med. School, in Boston about the first of November 1860.  I continued studying at the Same School or College until July 1863 when I had the Degree of Doctor of Medicine Conferred upon me by the Faculty of Said College.  I studied under the care of Dr. Walker Superintendent of the Boston Lunatic Hospital   At the Lunatic Hospital as well as at the House of Correction (which is also under Dr. Walkers Care) I had many opportunities of witnessing and treating Diseases

     

I may add with regard to my preliminary Education, that I had to be my own teacher

 

Very Respectfully,

A. Mackenzie

Sydney Cape Breton

 

To

Surgeon W. S. W. Ruschenberger

Navy Yard   Charlestown

 


Questions by the Board:

 

Mr. Alexander Mackenzie is requested to write answers to the following questions.

                    1.  Name a leading article of each class of the materia medica, and state its dose? [sic]

                    2.  What organs are contained in the cavity of the abdomen?

                    3.  What is the function the pancreas?

                    4.  What are the diagnostic symptoms of flatulent colic?

                    5.  What is chemical affinity?

                    6.  What blood vessels are divided in amputation of the leg, at its upper third?

 


Answers by Mackenzie:

 

 1.  Sulphate of Magnesea, Cathartic, Dose j

                       Diuretic – Spt. Eth. Nit.             Dose ʓss to ʓj

                       Diaphoretic – Pulv. Doveri –          “     gr.x

                       Expectorant   Ant, et Pot. Tart.        “    gr.

                       Arterial Stimulant – Sp. Vin Gal.       “     ℥i

                       Nervous       “           Nux Vomica      “  Gr.1/20, Ext.

                       Sedative  –   Valerian        “   ʓij, F. Ext.

                       Narcotic –                      Opium         “  Gr.j

                       Anthelmintic –            Spt. Tereb.       “    ʓss

                       Emmenagogue –            Guiac            “  ʓij Tinct

                       Astringent                      Tanin            “  Gr.ij

                       Alterative                 Iod. Potass.            Gr.v

                       Demulcents       Gum Acaciae.

                       Rubefacients       Mustard

                       Sialogogues               Calomel             Gr.

                       Emetics          Aut. et Pot Tart,            Gr.ij

                       Antacids           Sodae Bicarb                Gr.xxx

                       Tonics –       Tinct. Fer. Mur              ɱ xv

                       Caustics              Nit. Silver

 

2.  Stomach, Liver, Pancreas, Spleen, Kidneys, Large and Small intestines

 

3.  The function of the pancreatic juice is to dissolve the chyle in order that it may be taken up by the Lacteals etc

 

4.  In flatulent colic there is great pain and hardness in the abdomen.  There is also a great tenderness or pressure with the hand but sometimes the patient finds relief by constant pressure in a stooping position

 

5.  Chemical affinity is that property by which the two metals amalgamate to form a new compound

 

6.   In amputating the leg at the upper third we divide the anterior and posterior tibial arteries

 

Alexd. Mackenzie

 

Boston Naval Yard  

Nov.  19, 1863 }


A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index
 

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols

 

 

Civil War Medical Collections 

 

Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:

INDEX

Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Please request permission before commercial use or publication of any content or photos on this site and credit any use with:  "American Civil War Surgical Antiques"   All content and all original photography on this Web Site is copyrighted 1995 - 2015 and may not be used on any other web site or in commercial print without the expressed e-mail permission from Dr. Arbittier:  Contact   All rights reserved. 

 

Students doing reports or projects are welcome to use the content of this site without permission, but credits would be appreciated.

 

Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.

 

 Arbittier Museum of Medical History Tour:   1 | 2 | 3

 

Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016