American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier

 

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Medical College Index - Lecture Cards  |  Civil War Medical Book Author-Title Index

 

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols & Dr. Doug Arbittier

2011 - "The sesqui-centennial of the Civil War" -  2015

The 150th Year Celebration

 

 Home page  |   Feedback & Contact Dr. Echols  |  SEARCH this site   |  Article Indexes   |   Medical Faculty & Authors

 Civil War Medical Books  |  Medicine Containers   |   1800's & Civil War Surgery Set Displays

Medical College Index - Lecture Cards  |  Civil War Medical Book Author-Title Index

Wanted to Purchase: Items like those on this website, including Civil War surgeon uniforms, medical books, CDV's, surgeon images, diaries, and related medical items ... Contact

Dr. Echols' partial list of Google books for Civil War Surgeon Research

 

Daniel McLean, M.D. 

U.S. Navy Assistant Surgeon Application

 

By Norman L. Herman, M.D., Ph.D.

The following is a dictated translation of the hand-written application to the U. S. Navy Examination Board during the Civil War by a civilian physician/surgeon for a position as a medical officer in the Federal Navy or for promotion to Assistant Surgeon by an Acting Assistant Surgeon.  The actual applications are in the possession of the author and presented to enlighten the general public and other researchers as to the education process before and during the Civil War, the personal history of the applicants, as well as to show their personal level of medical knowledge in answering the questions asked by the Navy Board of Examiners.  (Some applicants failed to pass and did not serve or served in the Union Army.)

This written presentation was first of a part of a two-part exam consisting of a written exam and an oral exam.   Many of these applications are rich with highly detailed medical content offering an interesting perspective on the medical knowledge and practices of the period.  A broad sampling of these exams is presented to give you a 'picture' of the type of applicant being examined and admitted to or rejected by the Federal Navy in 1863.   Much more detail on the individuals and their personal and naval history will be presented in a forth-coming book by Dr. Herman.

(The actual written exam photos are available, but not presented on these pages due to the size of the files.  An example of a hand-written exam is on the 'List of all Applicants' page)

If you have additional information or images for any of these doctors, please contact us.

A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

 


Applicant: Daniel McLean, M.D.

                                                      

Boston, Mass.

Septr 19th 1863.

   

Dr. Ruschenburger;

                       

My dear Sir:

                                            

I was born in Prince Edward Island on the 27th July 1835.  My Studies commenced with a Mr. Butler who was then and is still a “District Teacher” near the residents of my Father.  I also studied at the “Central Academy, Charlottetown, P.E.I. under William Cundall, John Kenney and John Le Page Esqur __ The said Academy is now known by the “Prince of Wale’s College.

 

My first Preceptor in Medical Studies was Dr. John Knox, then a resident of Prince Edward Island; afterward I studied with a Dr. Martin.  After completing over three years with my preceptors, I studied under the Professors of Harvard Medical College; graduating there in March 1863.

 

Address D. McLean M.D. 

Township, No. 48,

Prince Edward Island.

                                               

Respectfully Yours

\D. McLean

[Addendum note added in a different hand]: address Dr. D. Mc Lean

care of Dr Ruschenberger  Navy Yard, Boston Mass.

 


Questions by the Board:

 

Dr. David McLean is requested to write answers the following questions.

                       1.  Name the officinal preparations of opium and the dose of each? [sic]

                       2.  What is chyle and how was it formed?

                       3.  Where, and by what means is venous converted into arterial blood?

                       4.  What are the diagnostic symptoms of flatulent colic?

                       5.  What parts enter into the composition of the ankle joint?

                       6.  What is the meaning of the terms, “temperature”, “latent heat”, and “specific gravity”. [sic]

 

 

1.                       Opium in pill – Dose – grj

                          Tinct. Opii     –     “      gtt xx-xxv

                          Vinum   “       –      “          “      “

                          Morphia Murias    “        gr 1/6 – 1/4

                                 “      Acetas               “  1/8      “

                                 “      Shulphes           “      “      “

                          [probably Sulphas]

                                                    

2.  Chyle is formed from chyme by the action of the bile and pancreatic juice or secretion upon it.

 

3.        Venous blood is converted into Arterial in the lungs.  A great part of the oxygen in the air inspired unites with the carbon in the blood – Carbonic acid passes off from the lungs and the blood is rendered arterial.

 

4.        Pain and tympanitis.

 

5.       Tibia, fibula and tarsal bones

 

6.      “Temperature” indicates state of the weather; also, heat of the body.  “Latent heat” is that heat which exists in bodies which is transmitted where acted on by a colder body.  “Specific gravity” means weight.

                                                                 

D. McLean

 


A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index
 

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols

 

 

Civil War Medical Collections 

 

Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:

INDEX

Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Please request permission before commercial use or publication of any content or photos on this site and credit any use with:  "American Civil War Surgical Antiques"   All content and all original photography on this Web Site is copyrighted 1995 - 2015 and may not be used on any other web site or in commercial print without the expressed e-mail permission from Dr. Arbittier:  Contact   All rights reserved. 

 

Students doing reports or projects are welcome to use the content of this site without permission, but credits would be appreciated.

 

Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.

 

 Arbittier Museum of Medical History Tour:   1 | 2 | 3

 

Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016