American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier

 

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American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols & Dr. Doug Arbittier

2011 - "The sesqui-centennial of the Civil War" -  2015

The 150th Year Celebration

 

 Home page  |   Feedback & Contact Dr. Echols  |  SEARCH this site   |  Article Indexes   |   Medical Faculty & Authors

 Civil War Medical Books  |  Medicine Containers   |   1800's & Civil War Surgery Set Displays

Medical College Index - Lecture Cards  |  Civil War Medical Book Author-Title Index

Wanted to Purchase: Items like those on this website, including Civil War surgeon uniforms, medical books, CDV's, surgeon images, diaries, and related medical items ... Contact

Dr. Echols' partial list of Google books for Civil War Surgeon Research

 

La Roy Frederick Morse, M.D. 

U.S. Navy Assistant Surgeon Application

 

By Norman L. Herman, M.D., Ph.D.

The following is a dictated translation of the hand-written application to the U. S. Navy Examination Board during the Civil War by a civilian physician/surgeon for a position as a medical officer in the Federal Navy or for promotion to Assistant Surgeon by an Acting Assistant Surgeon.  The actual applications are in the possession of the author and presented to enlighten the general public and other researchers as to the education process before and during the Civil War, the personal history of the applicants, as well as to show their personal level of medical knowledge in answering the questions asked by the Navy Board of Examiners.  (Some applicants failed to pass and did not serve or served in the Union Army.)

This written presentation was first of a part of a two-part exam consisting of a written exam and an oral exam.   Many of these applications are rich with highly detailed medical content offering an interesting perspective on the medical knowledge and practices of the period.  A broad sampling of these exams is presented to give you a 'picture' of the type of applicant being examined and admitted to or rejected by the Federal Navy in 1863.   Much more detail on the individuals and their personal and naval history will be presented in a forth-coming book by Dr. Herman.

(The actual written exam photos are available, but not presented on these pages due to the size of the files.  An example of a hand-written exam is on the 'List of all Applicants' page)

If you have additional information or images for any of these doctors, please contact us.

A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

 


Applicant: La Roy Frederick Morse, M.D.

 

Boston Navy Yard

Nov.  12, 1863

    

Dear Sir,

                               

I were born [sic] in Canterbury New Hampshire Feb. 5, 1839.  I received an academical cours [sic] of education.

    

I commenced the study of Medicine in 1860 under the instruction of Dr. L.[orrain] T. Weeks of Canterbury N.H. remained with him two years.  In 1862 I went to Washington D. C. and remained there one year in the Campbell Hospital part of the time having charge of a ward.

    

I have attended two courses of lectures one cours [sic] at Burlington, Vt. and one at Dart. Coll. N.H. at the latter school I graduated Oct. last.

    

I remain very respectfully your

obt. Servant

L. F. Morse, M.D.

 


Questions by the Board:

 

Dr. La Roy F. Morse is requested to write answers to the following questions.

                   1.  What changes are produced by the process of respiration, in the blood, and in the atmospheric air.

                   2.  What is chyle, where is it formed and what is its use?

                   3.  What are the diagnostic symptoms of pneumonia?

                   4.  What parts enter into the composition of the ankle joint?

                   5.  Name the officinal preparations of opium with the dose of each? [sic]

                   6.  What is chemical affinity?

 


Answers by Morse:

 

1.  The oxygen of the air enteres [sic] the blood through the walls of the air-cells of the lungs and convertes [sic] the veins blood into arterial by causing it to give up a portion of the carbonic acid which it containes [sic].

The air gives a part of its oxygen and takes on carbonic acid gas and watery vapor.

 

2.  Chyle is the nutritious portion of the digested food.  It is found in the chyle duct.  It is a source of nutriment to the blood.

 

3.    There is more or less pain in the lung affected generally attended with some fever and difficult respiration.  On puting [sic] the ear to the chest a dry crackling sound can be heard generally comparred [sic] to the rubing [sic] a lock of hair between the fingers near the ear there is most always dulness [sic] on percussion especely [sic] if the disease is far advanced.

   The lung may be so filled up that no air will pass then no sound will be detected with the ear, and dull sound will be given by percussion.

 

4.  The lower end of the tibea [sic], fibulae + the os calsis, these bones are held together by ligaments.

 

5.    Camphorated Tincture of Opium   Dose ʓj to ʓv.

       Tinct. Opii                                    Dose x to xx ɱ.

       Black Drop,                                   “  v to x ɱ.

       Sulphate of Morphia                         “ gr to gr 1.

       Acetate   “       “                                “  “            “

       Extract of opium,                             “       ss.

 

6.  It is that property which is manifested in the union of two gasses [sic] of and unlike nature, as oxygen and Hydrogen to form water.  Or a [unclear] with a solid.

                         

Dr.  La Roy  F. Morse

Canterbury N.H.   Home address


A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index
 

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols

 

 

Civil War Medical Collections 

 

Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:

INDEX

Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Please request permission before commercial use or publication of any content or photos on this site and credit any use with:  "American Civil War Surgical Antiques"   All content and all original photography on this Web Site is copyrighted 1995 - 2015 and may not be used on any other web site or in commercial print without the expressed e-mail permission from Dr. Arbittier:  Contact   All rights reserved. 

 

Students doing reports or projects are welcome to use the content of this site without permission, but credits would be appreciated.

 

Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.

 

 Arbittier Museum of Medical History Tour:   1 | 2 | 3

 

Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016