American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier

 

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American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols & Dr. Doug Arbittier

2011 - "The sesqui-centennial of the Civil War" -  2015

The 150th Year Celebration

 

 Home page  |   Feedback & Contact Dr. Echols  |  SEARCH this site   |  Article Indexes   |   Medical Faculty & Authors

 Civil War Medical Books  |  Medicine Containers   |   1800's & Civil War Surgery Set Displays

Medical College Index - Lecture Cards  |  Civil War Medical Book Author-Title Index

Wanted to Purchase: Items like those on this website, including Civil War surgeon uniforms, medical books, CDV's, surgeon images, diaries, and related medical items ... Contact

Dr. Echols' partial list of Google books for Civil War Surgeon Research

 

Edward J. O'Callaghan, M.D. 

U.S. Navy Assistant Surgeon Application

 

By Norman L. Herman, M.D., Ph.D.

The following is a dictated translation of the hand-written application to the U. S. Navy Examination Board during the Civil War by a civilian physician/surgeon for a position as a medical officer in the Federal Navy or for promotion to Assistant Surgeon by an Acting Assistant Surgeon.  The actual applications are in the possession of the author and presented to enlighten the general public and other researchers as to the education process before and during the Civil War, the personal history of the applicants, as well as to show their personal level of medical knowledge in answering the questions asked by the Navy Board of Examiners.  (Some applicants failed to pass and did not serve or served in the Union Army.)

This written presentation was first of a part of a two-part exam consisting of a written exam and an oral exam.   Many of these applications are rich with highly detailed medical content offering an interesting perspective on the medical knowledge and practices of the period.  A broad sampling of these exams is presented to give you a 'picture' of the type of applicant being examined and admitted to or rejected by the Federal Navy in 1863.   Much more detail on the individuals and their personal and naval history will be presented in a forth-coming book by Dr. Herman.

(The actual written exam photos are available, but not presented on these pages due to the size of the files.  An example of a hand-written exam is on the 'List of all Applicants' page)

If you have additional information or images for any of these doctors, please contact us.

A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

 


Applicant: Edward J. O'Callaghan, M.D.

                                                      

Navy Yard

Boston

December 21st 1863

 

Sir:

   

I, Edward J OCallaghan was born on a third of May 1839 (in Listowel Ireland): up to the age of 12, I studied under a tutor at home, I then went to a boarding school called St Marys College in Kingston Island near Dublin, where I remained two years.  I then went to the College des Josphites, in Louvain in Belgium where I remained two years a student in arts. 

 

I commenced the study of Medicine in 1858 at Stevens Hospital in Dublin where I remained for 3 years after which I attended one session at the Queens College in Cork of which I was a matriculated pupil. during vacation I had a good deal of dispensary practice at home, and have compounded medicine at the District Dispensary.  I have been a Surgeons Steward in the U.S. Navy for one year during which time I had an opportunity of seeing several gun shot wounds and two postmortem examinations trusting that this account of my studies and experience in medicine will prove satisfactory

                                   

I have the honour to be

Yours most Respectfully

Edward J. OCallaghan.

 

WSW Ruschenberger Esq

Surgeon

 


Questions by the Board:

 

Mr. Edward J. O’Callaghan is requested to write answers to the following questions.

                    1.  From what sources or by what vessels does the liver received blood?

                    2.  What is the origin, course and distribution of the femoral artery?

                    3.  Name the officinal preparations of opium and state the dose of each? [sic]

                    4.  What are the diagnostic symptoms of delirium tremens?

                    5.  What are the physical properties of oxygen, and how may it be procured for experimental

                          purposes?

                    6.  Define the terms “latent heat”, “temperature,” and “specific gravity”? [sic]

 

 

1.  The liver is supplied with blood by the Hepatic Artery.

 

2.  The Femoral artery is the continuation of the external Iliac artery it commences just below pouparts ligament and running down the inside of the thigh passes in the lower third thru an opening in the adductor magnus after which it becomes the Popliteal and divides into the anterior and posterior Tibial arteries

 

3.  The officinal preparations of opium are as follow

    Opii Pulv                dose   from  gr ss to gr i

    Tinctura opii             "          "     m xxv

    Camphorata     "           "          "

    Morphoria sulph        "          "    gr 1/8

 

4.  The symptoms of delirium Tremens are flushed fall [sic] quick hard pulse infected Conjunctiva delirium and sleeplessness

 

5.  Oxygen is a colorless gas   It exists larjely [sic] in the air it may be procured for experimental purposes by passing electric sparks thru water which is thus reduced to its component parts ie Hydrogen & Oxygen.

 

6.  Latent heat means that heat which exists in every substance and which may be elicited by friction as in rubbing two pieces of wood together

Temperature means the degree of heart [sic] or cold in the atmosphere

Specific gravity means the weight of any object as compared with another whose weight is ascertained.

  

E. J. OCallaghan

 

Boston

Navy yard 

December 23rd 1863


A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index
 

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols

 

 

Civil War Medical Collections 

 

Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:

INDEX

Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Please request permission before commercial use or publication of any content or photos on this site and credit any use with:  "American Civil War Surgical Antiques"   All content and all original photography on this Web Site is copyrighted 1995 - 2015 and may not be used on any other web site or in commercial print without the expressed e-mail permission from Dr. Arbittier:  Contact   All rights reserved. 

 

Students doing reports or projects are welcome to use the content of this site without permission, but credits would be appreciated.

 

Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.

 

 Arbittier Museum of Medical History Tour:   1 | 2 | 3

 

Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016