American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier

 

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American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols & Dr. Doug Arbittier

2011 - "The sesqui-centennial of the Civil War" -  2015

The 150th Year Celebration

 

 Home page  |   Feedback & Contact Dr. Echols  |  SEARCH this site   |  Article Indexes   |   Medical Faculty & Authors

 Civil War Medical Books  |  Medicine Containers   |   1800's & Civil War Surgery Set Displays

Medical College Index - Lecture Cards  |  Civil War Medical Book Author-Title Index

Wanted to Purchase: Items like those on this website, including Civil War surgeon uniforms, medical books, CDV's, surgeon images, diaries, and related medical items ... Contact

Dr. Echols' partial list of Google books for Civil War Surgeon Research

 

Henry Halliard Smith, M.D. 

U.S. Navy Assistant Surgeon Application

 

By Norman L. Herman, M.D., Ph.D.

The following is a dictated translation of the hand-written application to the U. S. Navy Examination Board during the Civil War by a civilian physician/surgeon for a position as a medical officer in the Federal Navy or for promotion to Assistant Surgeon by an Acting Assistant Surgeon.  The actual applications are in the possession of the author and presented to enlighten the general public and other researchers as to the education process before and during the Civil War, the personal history of the applicants, as well as to show their personal level of medical knowledge in answering the questions asked by the Navy Board of Examiners.  (Some applicants failed to pass and did not serve or served in the Union Army.)

This written presentation was first of a part of a two-part exam consisting of a written exam and an oral exam.   Many of these applications are rich with highly detailed medical content offering an interesting perspective on the medical knowledge and practices of the period.  A broad sampling of these exams is presented to give you a 'picture' of the type of applicant being examined and admitted to or rejected by the Federal Navy in 1863.   Much more detail on the individuals and their personal and naval history will be presented in a forth-coming book by Dr. Herman.

(The actual written exam photos are available, but not presented on these pages due to the size of the files.  An example of a hand-written exam is on the 'List of all Applicants' page)

If you have additional information or images for any of these doctors, please contact us.

A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

 


Applicant:  Henry Halliard Smith, M.D. 

 

Surgeon  W. S. W. Ruschenburger

Boston Navy Yard

Sir

 

I was born in Liverpool Medina Co. Ohio the 16th of June 1837.  Was educated at the Chandler Scientificate [sic] School at Hanover N. H.

  

Commenced the study of Medicine in 1856, with Dr S[amuel] G. Jarvis of Claremont, N.H. with whom I studied one year.  I finished a course of three years with Prof A. B Crosby of Dartmouth Medical Coll. at Hanover N. H. of which College I am a graduate  Have been in private practice since I graduated which was in the spring of 1859.

 

Yours Respectfully

Henry H Smith

Claremont,  N. H.

 


Questions by the Board:

 

Dr. Henry H. Smith is requested to write answers to the following questions.

                           1.  What organs are situated within the cavity of the chest?

                           2.  What is the object of the function of respiration?

                           3.  How is the brain supplied with blood?

                           4.  What are the diagnostic symptoms of typhoid fever?

                           5.  What are the diagnostic symptoms of compression of the brain?

                           6.  Name the officinal preparations of potassa, with the therapeutic use and dose of each?

 


Answers by Smith:

 

1.  Lungs + Heart

         

2.  To aerate the Blood.

         

3.  By the internal Carotid Artery.

                

4.  The patient complains head ache, pains in the back and limbs which may be of a dull an [sic] sharp character.  Chills + fever follow, or the disease may be ushered in with a chill and then fever which may be accompanied with Delirium.  Pulse quick, but in a majority of cases not being hard.

       

Tongue coated with with [sic] a yellowish white fur: This is thicker at the base.  In some case’s [sic] there is great sickness at the stomach attended efforts at vomiting, and diarrhae [sic] fed [?]  These Symptoms to the seventh day and then gradually subside, an [sic] then may increase in intensity to the 14th 21st day.  in the meantime the tongue becomes covered with sordes  an [sic] cracked, an [sic] also are the lips.  The bowels become tympantic [sic] and hemorhage [sic] is frequent.  The delirium is of a low grade.  If the disease is to terminat [sic] favorably the tongue begins to clear gradually from the tip and edges.  The pulse gradually falls.  The bowels lose their tension and the patient begins as it seems to wake up from a long sleep.

    

5.   Complete loss of motion loss of sensation.  The body is cold and generally covered with a clamy [sic] sweat.  Pulse scarcely perceptible.  Pupils dilated.  Respiration laborious with flushing of the cheeks.  The Jugular Arteries [sic] are full, and tense in some cases, and there is sometimes a congested state of the conjunctiva.

   

6.  Nitrate of Potassa –Nitre  Diuretic.  Used in sometimes [sic] in dropsy, grs. V – .

     Chlorate of Potassa.

     Diuretic.  Diaphoretic.  Not much used internally principally used as a detergent wash for the mouth and throat.

     Acetate of Potassa.

     Diuretic and Alterative given in Dropsical affections also in Rheumatism in all stages.  But the best

     results have from its use in the Sub. Acute form. Dose grs XV.  i [?]

     Potassa Sulphas.  Not much used except in preparing Dovers Powder

     Potassa Cum. Calc.  Caustic

 

Henry H Smith

November. 18th 1863.

 


A list with links to all applicants in this survey of U.S. Navy Applicants for 1863

Example of a handwritten exam given by the Navy Examination Board

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index
 

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols

 

 

Civil War Medical Collections 

 

Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:

INDEX

Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Please request permission before commercial use or publication of any content or photos on this site and credit any use with:  "American Civil War Surgical Antiques"   All content and all original photography on this Web Site is copyrighted 1995 - 2015 and may not be used on any other web site or in commercial print without the expressed e-mail permission from Dr. Arbittier:  Contact   All rights reserved. 

 

Students doing reports or projects are welcome to use the content of this site without permission, but credits would be appreciated.

 

Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.

 

 Arbittier Museum of Medical History Tour:   1 | 2 | 3

 

Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016