William Ford and George
Wade joined forces to start an instrument business during 1861 as Wade and
Ford. The business was located in New York at 85 Fulton from 1860 -
1866. They worked with Dr. James R. Wood, a surgeon, on the design of
this type of surgical set. This information is from Edmonson's:
Instruments: an illustrated history:
& Ford (George Wade and William E Ford) 1860-66: 85 Fulton
(Edmonson notes that
'following the Civil War, Wade & Ford ceased to exist, page 82)
William E Ford & Co. (William E Ford and George Gilman)
1866-71: 85 Fulton
Above is an entry in Hamilton's
book on surgery showing he devised set specifications
for the U. S. Navy (Click to enlarge) Notice the information
immediately below the drawing of a surgery set, which is most
likely from an earlier period noting the banding style and keyed
lock, which would not be military issue)
Also see Federal
Navy surgical set owned by Lewis Whiting,
On display is a Civil War-date
general operating set as designed by James R. Wood, M.D. (1813-1882), in
conjunction with the firm Wade & Ford (1860-1866), New York. For a
discussion of this collaboration, see Edmonson, pp. 80-81. Also
see the diagram of
this type set as illustrated in the Civil
War Hand-book of Surgical Operations, 279 pages, 1862, by Stephen Smith
The brass cartouche on the lid is
engraved: J. H. Culver / 1863. Josiah Howell Culver, M.D.
(1837-1868), an 1863 graduate of the Medical University of the
City of New York:
Josiah Howell Culver was born at
Moriches Suffolk County New York September 10th 1837 and after a suitable
preliminary education commenced his medical studies in his native place
graduating at the New York University Medical College in 1860 Having
abandoned what he intended to be his establishment at East Hampton Long
Island for the military service he was appointed in September 1862 an Acting
Assistant Surgeon United States Army and assigned to the David's Island
Hospital New York Harbor. Here he remained until March 1863 when he entered
the United States Navy his brilliant examination having secured him the
first rank in a class of twelve. From his first station at the Naval Hospital
Brooklyn he was ordered to Charleston on board the Philadelphia, the flag
ship of the South Atlantic blockading squadron. While on the line of duty he
suffered from severe debilitating pulmonary hemorrhages from the
consequences of which he never fully recovered although his health was
apparently benefited by sick leaves and short residences in Minnesota and
Florida. Much to his regret he was placed on the retired list in July 1867
and slowly declining after much suffering he breathed his last on
September 25th 1868 (Transactions of
the American Medical Association. Vol. XXI, 1870, pg 497-8.)
Culvers' actual written exam for admission to the U. S. Navy in 1863
the University of the City of New York, Department of Medicine
University Medical College organized as the Medical
Department of the University of the City of New York
Bellevue Hospital Medical College Founded
commencement notice for Culver at New York
University in 1863, address by none other than Dr.
From the December 1879,
second edition, Alumni Association, Page 91:
Howell Culver, Melville, Long Island, N.Y.
Graduated, Bellevue, 1860
A. A. Surg.
U.S.A., 1862 -1863.
Asst. Surg. U.S.N. March
Placed on retired list on account of ill
health, July, 1867.
Died Sept. 25, 1868."
Josiah H. Culver was commissioned a United States Navy assistant surgeon
in March of 1863, which means he was trained at the Bellevue Hospital Medical
College and New York University, and then served in the Navy beyond the Civil War until 1867 when he
Dr. Culver served on the Federal Navy steamer 'Philadelphia' as an assistant
Dr. Culver may have received the set at the time of his commission in
1863. The source for this documentation is the List of Officers of the Navy of the
United States and the Marine Corp from 1775 to 1900.
Josiah H. Culver served on Federal Navy Steamer
'Pawnee', Additional information on the
'Pawnee' during the Civil War. He also served on the Civil War Federal Navy South Atlantic Blockading Squadron:
Steamer 'Philadelphia', 1865
Additional information on the
the Civil War.
Acting Master, George H. Avery.
Acting Ensigns, George R. Bailey, George Edwards, E. R. Davison, John B.
Starr, and Charles D. Duncan.
Assistant Surgeon, Josiah H. Culver.
Assistant Paymaster, Horatio L. Wait.
Engineers: Acting First Assistant, Robert Mulready; Acting Third
Assistants, Chas. T. Wamaling, and John Ryan.
NAVY GAZETTE REGULAR NAVAL SERVICE
ORDERED: March 14 Assistant
Surgeon J. H. Culver to the
States army and navy journal and gazette of the regular ..., Volume 3
May 19, 1866 DETACHED:
Surgeon Josiah H Culver from
and placed on sick leave.
A notice in the New York Times, July
Assistant Surgeon Josiah H. Culver has been placed on the retired list
in the Navy Gazette.
Dr. Josiah Culver and Mary Conkling Culver
(he was a US Navy doctor) lived in Wainscott, N.Y.
Click on any
photo to enlarge
Set open with divider (left) in place and
Drawing from Smith's Civil War Surgery
and a lecture ticket for James R. Wood, MD at Bellevue, 1864-65, who
recommended the lay-out of this set
Center tray removed to show eye-surgery
Capital saw removed to show neuro-surgery
Note the small cast brass prong frame and
hinged brass prongs
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