American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


 Home page  |   Feedback & Contact Dr. Echols  |  SEARCH this site   |  Article Indexes   |   Medical Faculty & Authors

 Civil War Medical Books  |  Medicine Containers   |   1800's & Civil War Surgery Set Displays

Medical College Index - Lecture Cards  |  Civil War Medical Book Author-Title Index


American Civil War Surgical Antiques

Research and Identification

Civil War Era Surgical Sets, Surgeon's Images

Civil War Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

Established 1995    .     Dr. Michael Echols Collection


As seen in:  Warman's Civil War Collectibles, Antique Week, Northeast Antiques, Antiques & Collecting publications, and various TV programs

Gunning Bedford, M.D.


Click image to enlarge

Go to lecture card display

BEDFORD, Gunning S., author and physician, was born in Baltimore, Md.. in 1806. He was a great nephew of the revolutionary patriot, Gunning Bedford, of Delaware, a representative in congress (1783-86), and attorney-general and governor of his state. Gunning S. Bedford was graduated A.B. at Mount St. Mary's College, Emmetsburg, Md., in 1825. with high honors and as valedictorian of the class. The degree of A.M. was conferred on him in course at the end of three years. Among his classmates were Archbishops Purcell, of Cincinnati; Hughes, of Baltimore, and McC'loskev (¡ater cardi nal), of New York; Rev. Charles C. Pise and oilier noted men. He had planned to study law with Daniel Weusler, but having accidentally heard a lecture on blood circulation by Dr. John D. Godman, he determined to devote himself to medicine. Dr. Godman took a great interest in his young convert, becoming his friend, counsellor and preceptor, and greatly aiding him in acquiring the skill and fame that marked his life. After his graduation at the Rutgers Medical College, New Brunswick, N. ,L, he spent two years in the best hospitals of Europe, where he worked incessantly. Returning to America in 1832, lie in 1833 accepted a professorship at the Medical College of Charleston (S. C. ), where he remained about one year, then going to the Albany Medical College, New York. In 1836 he removed to New York city, where he rapidly built up an extensive practice, particularly in obstetrics and the diseases of women. lie was a skillful surgeon, and repeatedly performed the Caesarian section with success.


Dr. Bedford originated the idea of founding the New York University Medical College, which he carried to a successful issue through the assistance of Dr. Valentine Molt. The first faculty contained, besides these two. Drs. Draper, Paine, Revere and Patterson, Dr. Bedford being professor of obstetrics until 1862. It was a success from the start, although solely supported by the fees of the students. He also founded the New York obstetrical clinic, the first held in the country, to afford the poor skilled advice and service. Sessions were held Mondays, and so successful was the enterprise that probably 10,000 yearly received its aid.


Dr. Bedford was a prolific writer. His two elaborate treatises : "Diseases of Women and Children " and " Principles and Practice of Obstetrics"—the former passed through fifteen editions and the latter live—have been adopted as text books both in America and abroad, and have been translated into German and French. He wrote and delivered eulogies upon Drs. Francis and Molt before the New York County Medical Society. Dr. Bedford was noted for his'eloquence and broad intelligence. In person he was unusually short, bul correspondingly light in his movements and gentle in his manners. His consideration for suffering was well illustrated by his admonition to his students to particularly avoid afflicting their patients with squeaking shoes and angular movements. Ilis professional reputation and influence was equaled only by his personal popularity both with physicians and the public generally. In religions faith he was a devout Roman Catholic, and enjoyed close relations with many priests and prelates of the church. He was survived by a widow and three sons, one of whom, Gunning S. Bedford, Jr., was at one time assistant district attorney of New York, and later a jndire of the cilv court. Dr. Bedford died in New York city, Sept. 6," 1870.



Gunning S. Bedford (1806 – 1870) was an important physician and the nephew of Gunning Bedford, who was the first Attorney General of Delaware and one of the framers or signers of the Constitution of the United States. Doctor Bedford received his medical degree from Rutgers Medical College in 1829. Following graduation, he spent two years abroad in Europe continuing his medical studies. Upon his return to the U.S., Bedford was appointed professor of obstetrics at the Charleston Medical College in South Carolina in 1833. Thereafter, he moved to New York and in 1836 accepted a professorship at the Albany Medical College. Four years later (1840), in cooperation with Dr. Valentine Mott, Bedford helped found the University Medical College (of New York City) and accepted the chair of obstetrics, which he held until 1862. In connection with this school, Bedford introduced and established an obstetrical clinic for poor women – the first of its kind in the United States. Bedford was the author of two books. His “Diseases of Women and Children” went through ten different editions, and his “Principles and Practice of Obstetrics” passed through five editions.


(The personal edited research notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or may not be completely documented)

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols



Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Please request permission before commercial use or publication of any content or photos on this site and credit any use with:  "American Civil War Surgical Antiques"   All content and all original photography on this Web Site is copyrighted 1995 - 2015 and may not be used on any other web site or in commercial print without the expressed e-mail permission from Dr. Arbittier:  Contact   All rights reserved. 


Students doing reports or projects are welcome to use the content of this site without permission, but credits would be appreciated.


Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.


 Arbittier Museum of Medical History Tour:   1 | 2 | 3


Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016