American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


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Wm. A. Hammond, MD.

Surgeon General, U.S. Army:  Treatise on Hygiene

Additional information on William Hammond

View the Hammond book on Treatise on Hygiene and the owner described below

Name: William A. Hammond
Death date: Jan 6, 1900
Place of death: Washington, DC
Birth date: Aug 28, 1828
Place of birth: Annapolis, MD
Type of practice: Allopath
Practice specialities:GS General Surgery
States and years of licenses:DC, 1896
Places and dates of practices:US Army, 1849
Medical school(s): New York University Medical College, New York: Univ. of City of New York Med. Dept., 1848, (G), PA-01 University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia
Other education: Harrisburg, PA
Journal of the American Medical Association Citation:
1863 Edition of "Treatise on Hygiene" by Dr. Wm. A. Hammond, Surgeon General US Army. U.S. Army Medical Department issue with gold stamped logo on cover Covers all principles of hygiene for troops,  building of hospitals, qualifications of enlistment, etc. Over 70  illustrations. 

"During Hammond's tenure as Surgeon General he accomplished many reforms which transformed the medical services of the army and made them much more efficient and effective.. It was during his extremely busy time as Surgeon General that the present work on military hygiene was written and published. Hygienic standards were still very poor in the United States Army and soldiers often died because of inadequate medical care, poor sanitary conditions, and lack of attention to proper shelter and nutrition. Hammond noted that there was no comprehensive, up-to-date treatise on the subject and so he prepared this work to meet that need. A thorough and detailed book, it contains many of the ideas and principles that Hammond instituted in his reform of the army medical service"

Signature:  ID to Dr. Henry Carpenter:
Carpenter enlisted on 8/29/1862 at Albany, NY as a Asst Surgeon.

On 8/29/1862 he was commissioned into Field & Staff
NY 106th Infantry.  He was discharged for promotion on 3/28/1864

On 3/28/1864 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NY 43rd Infantry

Promotions: *Surgeon 3/28/1864

106th New York Infantry: This was a St. Lawrence county regiment, organized at Ogdensburg, and there mustered into the U. S. service for three years Aug. 27, 1862.  It left the state the following day and during its long period of service established a reputation for itself which entitles it to rank among the three hundred fighting regiments of the war.

It took part in the following battles:  Fairmount and Martinsburg, W. Va.; Culpeper, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna river, Totopotomoy, Cold Harbor, first assault on Petersburg, and the Weldon railroad, Va.; Monocacy, Md., Charlestown, W. Va., Opequan, Fisher's hill, Cedar Creek, Va.; fall of Petersburg, Sailor's creek, and was present at Wapping heights, siege of Petersburg Hatcher's run and Appomattox.

After leaving the state it served first in the railroad division, 8th corps, Middle Department, and was then ordered to
New creek, W. Va.  The following is quoted from Col. Fox's account of the regiment:  "Companies D and F were captured,
April 29, 1863, at Fairmount, W. Va., where they defended a railroad bridge for several hours against a large force of

The captured men were immediately released on parole.  The regiment left North mountain, June 13, 1863, and, with the
other troops in that vicinity, retired before the advance of Lee's army.  It joined the Army of the Potomac, July 10, 1863,
while near Frederick, Md., and with other new material was organized as the 3d division (Carr's) of the 3d corps.

This division was transferred in March, 1864, to the 6th corps, and its command given to Gen. Ricketts.  While in the 6th corps the regiment saw hard service and almost continuous fighting.  At Cold Harbor it lost 23 killed, 88 wounded, and 23 missing,-Lieut.-Col. Charles Townsend and 3 other officers being among the killed.

The corps was ordered soon afterward to Maryland, where, at the battle of Monocacy, the regiment sustained another severe loss.  It was actively engaged in the Shenandoah Valley, in all the battles of the corps, and then, returning to Petersburg, participated in the final campaign.

At Spottsylvania the casualties in the regiment aggregated 6 killed and 32 wounded; at the Opequan, 6 killed, 45 wounded,
and 3 missing; and at Cedar creek, 8 killed and 45 wounded.  Gen. Ricketts was wounded at Cedar creek, after which the
division was commanded by Gen. Seymour."

43rd New York Infantry: Duty near Brandy Station until May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient or "Bloody Angle" May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May
28-31. Cold Harbor Juno 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-18. Siege of Petersburg June 17 to July 6. Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D.C., June 6-9. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and Northern Defenses of Washington July 11-12. Pursuit of Early July 14-22. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August
7-November 28. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 13. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until December. Moved to Petersburg December 13-16. Siege of Petersburg December 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Danville, Va., April 23-27, and duty there until May 18. Moved to Richmond, thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 2. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out June 27, 1865.


(The personal edited research notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or may not be completely documented)

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols



Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

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Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016