American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier


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 Henry Hartshorne, M.D.


View a book by Dr. Horshorne in this collection



Henry Hartshorne, Philadelphia physician and educator, was born on 16 March 1823.  He was the third child of Joseph Hartshorne (1779-1850), a Philadelphia physician, and Anna Bonsall, and the younger brother of Edward Hartshorne (1818-1885), another Philadelphia physician.  Henry Hartshorne married Mary E. Brown (d.1886) on 8 January 1849; they had a daughter, Anna Cope Hartshorne (1860-1957).  Hartshorne died in Tokyo on 10 February 1897.

In 1839, Hartshorne received an A.B. from Haverford College (then Haverford School.)  He received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1845; his thesis was entitled, "Water and hydropathy". Hartshorne received an A.M. in 1860, and the University accorded him an honorary LL.D. in 1884.
Henry Hartshorne's Medical Diploma from the University of Pennsylvania 1845
After completing his M.D., Hartshorne served as Resident Physician at Pennsylvania Hospital from 1846 to 1848. He then opened his medical practice on 22 April 1848.  In 1853-1854, he was Professor of the Institutes of Medicine at the Philadelphia College of Medicine.  In the following year, he worked in Columbia, Pennsylvania, during a cholera outbreak there.  In 1855, he became consulting physician and lecturer in clinical medicine at Philadelphia Hospital. From 1857 to 1858, he lectured on natural history at the Franklin Institute.  In 1859, he became Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine at Pennsylvania College in Gettysburg and held this post until war broke out in 1861. 
During the Civil War, Hartshorne worked at two government hospitals in Philadelphia and volunteered his medical services at Gettysburg.

He also served as Attending Physician and, later, Physician to the Protestant Episcopal Hospital (1859-1862) and to the Magdalen Asylum (1849-1864).  He became Professor of Anatomy, Physiology, Hygiene, and Natural History at Central High School, Philadelphia, in 1862.  In 1866, he taught hygiene as a member of the newly formed Auxiliary Faculty of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.  In 1867, he became Professor of Organic Science and, later,
Philosophy, at Haverford College.  Also at this time, Hartshorne became Professor of the Diseases of Children at Woman's Medical College; he subsequently became Professor of Physiology and Hygiene and worked for the medical education of women.  He left Woman's Medical College in 1876 to become President of Howland Collegiate
School in Union Springs, New York; the school closed in 1878.  Hartshorne then returned to Philadelphia and opened the East Germantown Girls' School which closed in 1880.

Henry Hartshorne visited Japan in 1893 and returned in 1895 to work in the Quaker missions in that country.  He remained
in Japan until his death.  He concentrated on the suppression of the opium traffic in Formosa and improved care for the insane.
Henry Hartshorne was elected to fellowship in the College of Physicians of Philadelphia in 1851.  He was also a member
of the Academy of Natural Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the Pathological Society of Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania State Medical Society.  He was one of the founders of the American Public Health Association in 1872.

From 1873 to 1876 and from 1881 to 1893, he edited the Friends Review.  He published poetry, one novel, many articles on the physical and natural sciences, and several medical works, including Essentials of the principles and practice
of medicine (1867) and A conspectus of the medical sciences (1869).  Hartshorne was also the American Medical Association's Prize Essayist in 1856.


(The personal edited research notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or may not be completely documented)

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index

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Civil War Medical Collections 


Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:


Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

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Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.


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Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016