American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier

 

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Isaac Ray, M.D.

Click here for the book by Dr. Ray in this collection

Mental Hygiene, (1863, first edition) by Isaac Ray, M. D.

Issac Ray, M.D. was among the first to use the term 'mental hygiene', and his treatise on the subject was one of the earliest American works to present a detailed program for the prevention of mental diseases.  It's interesting this book, given its topic, is 'notated' as having been at the Post Hospital at Fort Richmond, during the Civil War. 

From the Bowdoin College Alumni:  Bowdoin 1823-24;  A.M. 1846;  LL.D. Brown 1897.  Born 1807 in Beverly, Mass.  Physician in Portland 1827-29;  Eastport 1829-41.  Supt. Maine St. Hosp. Augusta 1841-45;  Butler Hosp. Providence, R.I. 1845-67;  Physician Philadelphia, Pa. 1867-81.  Pres. R. I. Med. Soc. 1856-58.  Died 1881.

Isaac Ray (1807-1881) was an American psychiatrist, one of the founders of the discipline of forensic psychiatry. In 1838, he published A Treatise on the Medical Jurisprudence of Insanity (Boston), which served as an authoritative text for many years.

A graduate of Phillips Academy (Class of 1822), Ray received his medical degree in 1827 from the Harvard Medical School and spent the following year visiting medical facilities in New England, England, and France. After several years in private practice in Maine, he became Superintendent of the State Hospital for the Insane in Augusta in 1841, and in 1845 he moved to Providence, Rhode Island, to supervise the building of the private Butler Hospital and became its first Superintendent. In 1867, he moved to an active retirement in Philadelphia.

The Treatise on the Medical Jurisprudence of Insanity was very influential and was deployed effectively by defence lawyer Sir Alexander Cockburn in the English trial of Daniel Mc'Naghten in 1843. At the trial, Cockburn quoted extensively from the book which rejected traditional views of the insanity defense based on the defendant's ability to distinguish "right from wrong" in favor of a broader approach based on causation.

One of the founding members of the ‎Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane, he served as President from 1855 to 1859. Between 1828 and 1880, except for one year he published at least one article every year, mainly dealing with insanity and its legal implications. Ray also published several important monographs, including Mental Hygiene (Boston, 1863) and Contributions to Mental Pathology (Boston, 1873).

(The personal edited research notes of Michael Echols, the source of which may or may not be completely documented)

 

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index
 

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Civil War Medical Collections 

 

Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:

INDEX

Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

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Please note: information on this site may not be normally referenced as this is an active and long-term educational research project.  Personal notes may not be properly cited for publication.  Various articles are digitally reproduced under the 'fair-use act' of the copyright laws and are intended for educational purposes only.  Many citations are from Google digital 'books' and can be traced backwards via a search of a unique string in the citation.

 

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Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016