American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

Surgical Set collection from 1860 to 1865 - Civilian and Military

Civil War:  Medicine, Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

 Dr. Michael Echols  &  Dr. Doug Arbittier

 

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American Civil War Surgical Antiques

Research and Identification

Civil War Era Surgical Sets, Surgeon's Images

Civil War Surgeon Education & Medical Textbooks

Established 1995    .     Dr. Michael Echols Collection

 

As seen in:  Warman's Civil War Collectibles, Antique Week, Northeast Antiques, Antiques & Collecting publications, and various TV programs

 Army Medical and Hospital Departments Budgets

Edited by Dr. Michael Echols

There is confusion about why some surgical sets are marked for the Medical Department and others for the Hospital Department.  There is evidence in the archives the two departments were usually addressed as one entity, but also separately.  There sometimes appears to be two different budgets for the two departments.  One theory is the sets ordered and marked by the Medical Department were intended for field use rather than hospital use.   The Quartermaster and Purveyors would have been directly involved in order supplies of sets and books for hospitals and that would have not have been under the Medical Dept. budget, but that of the hospitals.    The answer may be buried in the budgets, thus this article.  (Note where it says 'Department, not Departments', indicating one not two different departments.)


Archival evidence of both a separate and individual Hospital and Medical Department

Bvt. Lieut. Col. T. A. McPARLIN, U.S. Army,
Medical Director, Army of the Potomac:

DOCTOR: I have the honor respectfully to render the following report of the operations of
the Medical and Hospital Department and Ambulance Service of this division from July 19 to December 31, 1864.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
E. J. MARSH,
Assistant Surgeon, U.S. Army, Surgeon in Chief of Division.

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,
Before Petersburg, Va., December 26, 1864.
GENERAL: I have the honor to submit the following, in continuation of
the report of operations of the medical and hospital department of the Army of the Potomac, for the campaign of the year subsequent to July 31:

MARCH 29-APRIL 9, 1865.--The Appomattox (Virginia) Campaign.
No. 6.--Report of Surg. Thomas A. McParlin, U.S. Army,
Medical Director, of operations January 1--June 30.

To my immediate assistants, Surg. J. A. Lidell,
inspector of the medical and hospital department of this army, and Asst. Surg. J. Sire Smith, attending surgeon at headquarters, to whom I am indebted for valuable assistance in discharge of special duties committed to them; Asst. Surg. E. J. Marsh, U.S. Army, surgeon-in-chief of the Second Cavalry Division, passed to the command of General Sheridan the day preceding the campaign. He has performed all duties while under my direction with signal ability.
JNO. A. LIDELL,
Surg., U. S. Vols., Insp. of Medical and Hospital Department,
Army of the Potomac.

SURGEON-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
December 17, 1860.
Hon. JOHN B. FLOYD,
Secretary of War:
SIR: In reply to a communication referred by you to this office from the chairman of the Military Committee of the Senate, inquiring "whether the expenses in the military department of the Government cannot be reduced without detriment to the public service," I have the honor to report that
the expenditures of the medical and hospital department of the Army have always been regulated with a view to the utmost economy.

It is not believed that these expenditures can be reduced in a single item without a sacrifice of the welfare of the soldier and the true interests of the public service.
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
By order:
R. C. WOOD,
Surgeon. U. S. Army.

SURGEON-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
November 13, 186I.
Hon. SIMON CAMERON,
Secretary of War:
SIR: I have the honor to submit to you a report upon
the fiscal transactions and other matters relating to the Medical Department of the Army for the year ending the 30th of June, 1861.
The amount of the appropriation for the medical and hospital department remaining on the 30th of June, 1860, was---

In the hands of disbursing agents $3,787.82
In the Treasury of the United States 46,266.82
Amount appropriated per act approved 21st of June, 1860,
for the current expenses of the medical and hospital department for the year ending June 30, 1861 76,225.50
Amount refunded into the Treasury 26.17
Amount appropriated per act approved 2d of March, 1861, for the current expenses of the medical and hospital department for the year ending June 30, 1862, anticipated to meet circumstances growing out of the rebellion of the Southern States 115,000.00
Total 241,306.31

The total amount of funds available for
the service of the medical and hospital department of the Army during the year ending June 30, 1861, was $241,306.31, and the expenditures of that year amounted to $194,126.77, leaving a balance of $6,006.62 in the hands of disbursing agents, and $41,172.92 in the Treasury of the United States.


Of the total sum expended during the fiscal year embraced in this report, $20,088.89 were paid on account of the pay and other claims of private physicians, and $174,037.88 for medical and hospital supplies and for the pay of hospital cooks and nurses.

The following act of Congress is published for the information of the Army:


AN ACT making additional appropriations for the support of the Army for the year ending thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and sixty-two.


Be it enacted
by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the service of the year ending thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and sixty-two:
 

For pay of two and three years' volunteers, fifty million dollars.
For payments to discharged soldiers for clothing not drawn, fifty thousand dollars.
For subsistence in kind for two and three years' volunteers, twenty-six million six hundred and sixty-eight thousand nine hundred and two dollars.
For transportation of the Army and its supplies, fourteen million eight hundred and eighty-one thousand dollars.
For the current expenses of the ordnance service, two hundred thousand dollars.
For ordnance, ordnance stores, and supplies, including horse equipments for all the mounted troops, one million nine hundred and twenty-four thousand dollars.
For purchase of arms for volunteers and regulars, and ordnance and ordnance stores, seven million five hundred thousand dollars.
For the medical and hospital department, one million dollars.
For amount required to refund to the States expenses incurred on account of volunteers called into the field, fifteen million dollars. Approved February 25, 1862.
By command of Major-General McClellan:
L. THOMAS,
Adjutant-General.

 

GENERAL ORDERS NO 22 War Department Adjutant General's Office Washington March 1 1862 AN ACT making Additional Appropriations for the Support of the Army for the Year ending June 30 1862

For the Medical and Hospital Department one million of dollars 

 

 
SURGEON-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Washington, D.C., October 20, 1864.
Hon. E. M. STANTON,
Secretary of War :
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following statement of finances and general transactions of the
Medical Department for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1864:
The funds derived from all sources and available for the expenses of for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1864, were-

Balance remaining in Treasury June 30, 1863, being residue of the appropriation for the ensuing fiscal year, under the act approvedFebruary 9, 1863 $8,522,423.27
In the hands of disbursing officers. 250,828.10
Deficiency appropriation act, approved March 14, 1864 3,296,000.00
Amount refunded by Subsistence Department on account of board paid for sick soldiers in private houses and hospitals 66,522.03
Amount refunded from appropriation for supplies, transportation, and careof prisoners of war 97,195.44
Amount refunded by Suire, Eckstein & Co., Cincinnati, Ohio, being amount overpaid to them in the settlement of their accounts in 1861-62 10,677.43
Proceeds of sales of condemned and unserviceable property 11,327.64
Proceeds of medical stores sold, by authority of Maj Gen. U.S. Grant,to the inhabitants of Vicksburg and vicinity 2,596.22
Proceeds of bedsteads sold to the Western Sanitary Commission by Medical Store-keeper R. T. Creamer, U.S. Army, in June, 1864. $727.50
Amount received for ice sold by Medical Store-keeper Hennell Stevens,to Algeo & Co., Memphis, Tenn., in December, 1863 4,020.00
Amount received for surgical instruments sold to officers 94.00
Proceeds of various other sales 262.27

Total 12,263,988.08

Of this amount there was disbursed for
medical and hospital supplies $9,009,275.49
For
pay of private physicians 1,222,411.50
For hospital employés 437,792.09
For expenses of purveying department 260,406.61
For care of sick soldiers in private hospitals 48,806.82
For artificial limbs 34,750.00
For
contingencies of Medical Department 12,348.82
Total 11,025,791.33
 

_____________________


The
Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That the following appropriations be made for the support of the provisional troops called into service by the act aforesaid: Pay of the troops, $658,680; forage for officers' horses and quartermasters' animals, and cavalry horses, $20,662; subsistence for troops, $270,000; clothing for the troops, $200,000; camp and garrison equipage, $18,267.72; supplies for the Quartermaster's Department, $76,160; fuel for troops and hospitals, $59,997; Medical and Hospital Department, $20,000.

 

Pay grades for Confederate Medical Department 1861

 

SEC. 18. The pay of the officers of the general staff, except those of the Medical Department, shall be the same as that of officers of cavalry of the same grade. The Surgeon-General shall receive an annual salary of $3,000, which shall be in full of all pay and allowances, except fuel and quarters. The monthly pay of a surgeon, of ten years' service in that grade, shall be $200; a surgeon of less than ten years' service in that grade, $162; an assistant surgeon of ten years' service in that grade, $150; an assistant surgeon of five years' service in that grade, $130; and an assistant surgeon of less than five years' service, $110.
 

_____________________

 

O.R.--SERIES III--VOLUME V [S# 126]
CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, REPORTS, AND RETURNS OF THE UNION AUTHORITIES FROM MAY 1, 1865, TO THE END.


For medical and hospital supplies $15,204,497.20
For pay of private physicians 1,865,821.82
For pay of hospital employés 949,462.46
For expenses of purveying depots 683.830.33
For care of sick soldiers in private hospitals 240,476.11
For artificial limbs for soldiers and seamen (a) 126,538.00
Expenses of hospitals for officers 243,876.37
Miscellaneous expenses of the Medical Department 13,996.94
Subtotal: $19,328,499.23
Balance in the Treasury June 30, 1865 1,161,181.24
Total: $20,489,680.47

 

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following statement of finances and general transactions of the Medical Department for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1865:


RECEIPTS.
Balance in the Treasury July 1, 1864 $914,135.10
Balance in the hands of the disbursing officers 324,061.65
Balance remaining of appropriation for artificial limbs for soldiers and seamen, per act of July 16, 1862, chapter 182, section 6 4,265.00
Annual appropriation for the year ending June 30, 1865, by act of June 15, 1864,chapter 124, section 1 8,930,640.00
Deficiency appropriation for the current fiscal year, by act of March 2, 1865,chapter 73, section 8 3,251,000.00
Annual appropriation for the year ending June 30, 1866, by act of March 3, 1865,chapter 81, section 1, required for disbursement during the present fiscal year, and placed to the credit of the Medical Department for that purpose March 22, 1865 6,000,000.00


Amount drawn from appropriation made by joint resolution of April 29, 1864, to cover expenditures for medical attendance and medicine for 100-day's volunteers 300.000.00
Amount refunded by the Subsistence Department for board of sick and wounded soldiers in private hospitals 64,293.40
Amount refunded for medical attendance and supplies furnished prisoners of war 140,506.08
Amount received for subsistence of officers in hospitals 286,281.04
Amount disallowed in account of Ebenezer Swift, U.S. Army, for June, 1863,and refunded from appropriation for pay of volunteers 17,762.91
Proceeds of sales of condemned and unserviceable hospital property 59,671.41
Proceeds of sales of ice not required for hospital use 12,352.25
* Value of books and surgical instruments sold to medical officers and private physicians $8,311.30
Received for hospital property sold to the Quartermaster's Department 7,003.61
Received for medicines, &c., issued to refugees and freedmen 554.73
Recovered for hospital property lost or damaged in transportation 534.45
Recovered of Actg. Asst. Surg. J. S. Geltner, U.S. Army, for property and moneys illegally disposed of 1,000.00
Amount received for care of patients belonging to the U.S. Navy 283.00
Amount received from all other sources 446.20
Total credits for the year 20,323,102.13

Amount over-expended by disbursing officers 166.578.34
Total: 20,489,680.47

Upon the termination of active military movements, immediate measures were taken to reduce the expenses of the Medical Department. Of the 201 general hospitals open on January 1, 1865, 171 have been discontinued. Three of the sea-going hospital transports have been discharged; the fourth is now constantly engaged in transfer of sick and wounded from Southern ports to the general hospitals in New York Harbor. All of the river hospital boats have been turned over to the Quartermaster's Department, and but a single hospital train is retained in the Southwest. The vast amount of medicines and hospital supplies made surplus by the reduction of the Army has been carefully collected at prominent points and is being disposed of at public auction, most of the articles bringing their full value, and in some instances their cost price.

 

Extensive discussion of USA Medical and Hospital Dept. surgical sets:

 

Extensive history of the Medical Department

Instrument sets specified by U.S. Army Medical Department during the Civil War

Display of instruments normally found in a Civil War hospital set 1861-65

Hernstein & Son, U. S. Army Hosp. Dept. issue field surgery set

Hernstein Civil War U. S. Army Hospital Dept. Staff Surgeon's set

Tiemann Civil War U. S. Army Hospital Dept. Field Surgeon's set

Snowden & Brother U. S. Army Medical Dept. field surgery set

U.S.A. Hosp. Dept. trepanning set by Hernstein

U. S. Army Hospital Department Bottle Colors

U. S. A. Hosp. Dept. medium size ivory surgical set, 1861

U. S. A. Hosp. Dept. 9 in. bottle, 1861-65

Regulations for the Medical Department of the Army, 1861

Notes on Army Medical  Department 1866, multi-topical

U.S. Army Hosp. Dept. Wood's Medicine, Vol. I & 2

Snowden and Brother field size U.S.A. Med. Dept military amputation set, 1861


 

Medical Antiques Index

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques Index
 

Contact Dr. Arbittier or Dr. Echols

 

 

Civil War Medical Collections 

 

Direct links to all medical & Civil War collections on this site                         

American Surgical Sets:

Pre-Civil War:  1 | 2  -   Post-Civil War:  3  -  Civil War 1861-1865:  4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   INDEX

Medical Text-Books:

1 | 1a | 2 | 2a | 3 | 3a | 4 | 4a | 5 | 5a | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 9a | 10 | 11 | 12    INDEX

Surgeon General's Office Library printed catalogues: 1840 | 1864 | 1865
Medical Lecture Cards: 1 | 2 | 34 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21    INDEX

Medical Faculty and Authors:

INDEX

Navy Surgeon Exams:

1863 Navy Surgeon Applicant Exams with Biographies   INDEX ONE | INDEX TWO

Surgeon CDVs, Images:

Army: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8    INDEX

Navy: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8   

Hosp Dep't Bottles, Tins, 

U.S. Army Pannier:

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

American Civil War Medicine & Surgical Antiques

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Last update: Monday, December 12, 2016